Killed, Died, Wounded, Widowed, Left behind and Absent June 1876

Custer's Last Stand - 25 June 1876.

  • CONTENTS
  • [1] Men from the United Kingdom who enlisted in the United States Army (1871 to 1877)  and died in service
  • [2] Wounded at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25-26 June 1876
  • [3] Widows and children of men killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25-26 June 1876
  • [4] Men left behind at Fort Abraham Lincoln & Fort Rice, 17 May 1876
  • [5] Men not on the campaign or at Fort Abraham Lincoln or Fort Rice, 25 June 1876
  • [6] Widows of soldiers killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25 June 1876, who are known to have remarried
  • While great care has been taken to ensure that the information in all six lists below is correct the author is fully aware that factual, typographical and other errors can slip through even the most stringent vetting process. Readers are therefore actively encouraged to challenge the veracity of anything that differs from the findings of their own research, although a primary source should be provided as justification for any required corrections.

[1] Men from Great Britain and Northern Ireland (post-1921 borders) who enlisted in the United States Army, 1871 to 1877, and died in that period of service. Details extracted from the U.S. Army, Registers of Enlistment - the list may not be exhaustive.

William B. Crisfield (Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument Collection).

(Sergeant Major William H. Sharrow (Courtesy of Tim Bumb).

  • Format: Name-Date of Enlistment-Place of Birth-Age Stated-Occupation-Regiment-Cause of Death-Date of Death-Place of Death-Rank.
  • Note:
  • ‘en’ = enlistments
  • ‘n/g’ = no information given
  • ENGLAND [106]
  • Allen, Edward-16 Apr 73- London-21-Waiter-1 Inf-Drowned-11 Sep 1876-Fort Brady, MI-Private.
  • Allen, Fred E [Allan, Alfred E]-3 Oct 73-Melton [Mowbray]-25-Watchmaker-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Armstrong, Charles-14 Sep 75-London-29-Soldier-1 Cav-Killed-17 Jun 1877-in action with hostile Indians White Bird Creek-IT-Private.
  • Atkinson, Edward-1 Dec 71-Sunderland-22-Bricklayer-11 Inf-Drowned-22 Dec 71-fell overboard from Steamer ‘Hutchinson’ off Indianola, TX-Recruit.
  • Banks, Nat-8 Nov 72-Yorkshire-31-Labourer-4 Arty-Congestion of the Brain-11 Nov 73-Presidio, CA-Private.
  • Barnes, Daniel-18 Aug 75-Yorkshire-25-Bricklayer-15 Inf-Inflammation of the Kidneys-9 Apr 78-Fort Wingate, NM-Private.
  • Bouchard, John-15 Aug 71 (2 en)-London-27-Soldier-7 Cav-Brain Fever-18 Apr 74-Fort Lincoln, DT-Bugler.
  • Bowmer, Edward-16 Jan 73 (2 en)-Hastings-42-Clerk-GS/AGO-Disease of the Kidneys-4 Aug 73-Washington, DC-Private.
  • Boyce, John H-16 Jul 74 (3 en)-Bristol-38-Soldier-5 Arty-Consumption-Fort Barrancas, FL-4 Jan 78-Sergeant.
  • Brown, Thomas-23 Feb 72-(3 en)-London-32-Soldier-10 Inf-Acute Dysentery-Fort Clark-TX-11 Jul 74- Private.
  • Burns, John-28 Aug 76-Manchester-21-n/g-5 Cav-Killed- 9 Sep 79-in action with Ute Indians at Milk River, CO-Private.
  • Carpenter, Richard-28 Oct 75-Surrey-43-Soldier-16 Inf-Acute Hepatitis-15 Aug 79-Fort Sill, IT-Private.
  • Collins, Thomas, 25 Feb 75 (2 en)- Liverpool-25-Soldier-4 Arty-Accidentally drowned-10 Jun 78-Columbia River, near Astoria, OR-Private,
  • Cook, William-10 Jun 75-Kent-21-Labourer-6 Inf-Inflammation of the Brain- 25 May 76-Fort Buford, DT-Private.
  • Corbett, John-7 Apr 76-Ross [on-Wye]-29-Brush Maker-12 Inf-Inflammation of the Kidneys-8 Sep 78-Camp Halleck, NV-Corporal.
  • Corbett, Joseph-8 Aug 73-London-27-Steam Fitter-2 Arty-Remittent Fever-28 Sep 73-Raleigh, NC- Recruit.
  • Cousens, Thomas-30 Jul 77 (2 en)-Brighton-34-Soldier-22 Inf-Suicide-12 Jul 80-Fort Stockton, TX-Sergeant.
  • Cox, Samuel B-23 Oct 73 (3 en)-Sheffield-27-Soldier-3 Cav-Injuries received from a Soldier-9 May 74- Fort D. A. Russell, WT-Sergeant.
  • Crisfield, William B-1 Feb 75 (3 en)-Kent-Farmer-39 [35]-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Dixon, William M-28 Oct 75 (3 en)-Liverpool-30-Soldier-21 Inf-Drowned 29 Oct 78-in the Umatilla River near Pendleton, OR-Private.
  • Dixson, Henry-14 Dec 75-London-28-Tailor-6 Cav-Apoplexy-10 Feb 78-Camp Verde, AT-Private.
  • Donnelly, Timothy-21 Sep 75-Dallington [Darlington]-21 [17]-Labourer-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Edmonds, Alfred-8 Jun 77 (2 en)-London-26-Soldier-Cav Det, USMA-Suicide from Morphine-1 Oct 81-West Point, NY-Private.
  • Edwards, Cecil M-18 Mar 75 (2 en)-Margate-25-Soldier-5 Arty-Diphtheria-24 Aug 76-Summerville, SC- Sergeant.
  • Edwards, Valentine-3 Jun 74-Liverpool-24-Blacksmith-1 Cav-Killed-17 Jun 77-in action with hostile Indians at White Bird Creek, IT-Private.
  • Fare, Frederick J-19 Oct 77 (3 en)-Cornwall-40-Saddler-6 Cav-Committed Suicide by shooting himself through the head-7 Oct 78-Camp Verde, AT-Saddler.
  • Fawcett, Richard-8 Feb 72 (2 en)-London-29-Seaman-15 Inf-Apoplexy-11 Aug 73-Tulerosa, NM-Private.
  • Ford, Charles-10 Dec 73-London-31-Tailor-2 Inf-Consumption-19 Jul 74-Atlanta, GA- Private.
  • Fowler, Mark-1 Mar 75-Kent-24-Painter-2 Inf-Inflammatory Rheumatism-2 Dec 75-McPherson Barracks, GA-Private.
  • Galvan, James J-28 Sep 75-Liverpool-26-Labourer-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Gillen, John-18 Nov 75 (2 en)-Manchester-32-Soldier-15 Inf-Tumour-29 Oct 77-Fort Bayard, NM-Private.
  • Girle, William-11 Nov 74 (3 en)-n/g-31-Soldier-8 Inf-Inflammation of the Stomach-24 Sep 75-Camp Apache, AT-Sergeant.
  • Gordon, Henry-5 Dec 72-Chatham-21-Labourer-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Graves, Walter-21 Sep 76-Liverpool-21-Labourer-11 Inf-Heart Disease-2 Jun 77-Fort Sully, DT-Private.
  • Gurley, William-29 Nov 72-Manchester-21-Furniture Polisher-11 Inf-Typhoid Malaria-17 May 73-Fort Leavenworth (Prison), KS-Private.
  • Guthrie, Alfred P-1 May 73-Newcastle-upon-Tyne-Clerk-Signal Service-Committed Suicide-19 Jul 76-Fort Bayard, NM- Private.
  • Guthrie, Joseph-2 Oct 71-Lancashire-22-Labourer-13 Inf-Typhoid Fever-16 Dec 71-Camp Douglas, UT-Private.
  • Hall, Richard-4 Oct 71 (2 en)-n/g-Soldier-17 Inf-Inflammation of the Lungs-4 Dec 75-Fort Wallace, KS-Private.
  • Hamm, James-11 Dec 71-London-21-Tailor-3 Arty-Committed Suicide (Drowned)-18 Sep 74-Milk Creek, Fort Monroe, VA-Private.
  • Hammond, John-3 Dec 74 (3 en)-London-30-Clerk-16 Inf-Chronic Dysentery-12 Jan 77-near New Orleans, LA-Private.
  • Hastings, William-17 Jan 73-London-26-Farmer-5 Cav-Accidentally Drowned-17 Jun 77–while crossing Clear Creek, WT-Private.
  • Hathersall, James-13 Sep 75 (2 en)-Liverpool-26-Soldier- 7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians of Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Haynes, Alfred-7 Aug 71-n/g-32-Clerk-GS-Constitutional Syphilis-23 Jul 73-Fort Columbus, NYH-Recruit.
  • Henderson, William H-18 May 71 (7 en)-Islington, London-46-Soldier-4 Arty-Disease of the Heart-10 May 76-n/g.
  • Heath, William-9 Oct 75-Staffordshire-27-Coachman-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Farrier.
  • Hiley, John S [Stuart Forbes, John S] 20 Jan 72-Rugby-23-Clerk-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Hilton, Robert-19 May 71-Liverpool-30-Clerk-19 Inf-Acute Alcolism-10 Sep 71-Jackson Barracks, GA-Private.
  • Holland, John H-8 Jan 72-Nottinghamshire-23-Labourer-7 Cav-Typhoid Pneumonia-4 Feb 73-Opelika, AL-Private.
  • Holman, William-19 Dec 74-London-30-Clerk-13 Inf-Typhoid fever-11 May 75-Jackson Barracks, LA-Private
  • Humphry, John-16 Jul 75-London-34-Soldier-Fort Leavenworth (Prison?)-Excessive Heat-14 Jul 78-KS-Private.
  • Jones, John L-Jan 73-London-23-Sailor-2 Arty-Exposure-26 Dec 73-Fort Marion, SC-Private.
  • Jordaine, Henry-20 Jan 73-London-23-Clerk-Engineer Battalion-Self-administered overdose of Hydrate of chloral-24 Apr 78-Willets Point, NYH-Private.
  • King, William-25 Jul 73 (3 en)-Liverpool-26-Soldier-1 Cav-Acute Hepatitis-17 May 74-Camp Halleck, NV-Private.
  • Kirkbride, Joseph B-15 Jan 73-Liverpool-27-Soldier-5 Cav-Pleurisy and Pneumonia-16 Feb 77-Fort D. A. Russell, WT-Sergeant.
  • Knowles, Robert M-12 Aug 71-Surrey-51-Clerk-GSA-Brights Disease of the Kidneys-20 Apr 74-Washington, DC-Private.
  • Lee, William-25 Nov 72-London-28-Cooper-16 Inf-Chronic Hepatitis-26 May 74-Jackson, MS-Private.
  • Liddiard, Herod T-4 Dec 72-London [Rodborough, Gloucestershire]-21-Boatman-7 Cav-Killed-26 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Lloyd, Edward W-30 Sep 73-Gloucester-21-Engineer-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Lord, Thomas-4 Oct 76 (2 en)-n/g-54-Clerk-GSA-Exhaustion-2 Aug 80-Washington, DC-Private.
  • McGarrett, John J-Sunderland-24-Puddler-8 Cav-Chronic Diarrhoea-14 Feb 78-Fork Clark, TX-Private.
  • McPherson, George-2 Jun 73-Bristol-22-Paper Maker-8 Cav-Struck by Lightning-28 Jul 74-Cimarron, NM-n/g.
  • Mand, Charles-29 Sep 73 (2 en)-n/g-28-Mason-2 Cav-Self-inflicted pistol shot wound-24 Feb 76-Galveston, TX-Corporal.
  • Massey, Dawson-5 Feb 72-Liverpool-33-Clerk-23 Inf-Chronic Diarrhoea-25 Mar 73- Camp Apache, AZ-Private.
  • Milburn, Joseph-29 May 75-Newcastle-28-Jam Turner-4 Cav-Chronic Diarrhoea-16 Nov 75-Fort Sill, IT-Private.
  • Miller, John-11 Nov 71-n/g-27-Labourer-13 Inf-Congestion of the brain-21 Jan 73-Fort Fred Steele, WT-Private.
  • Monaghan, Michael-26 Dec 76-Staffordshire-25-Puddler-5 Cav-Pyaemia-11 Aug 81-Fort Sidney, NE-Private.
  • Moore, Henry-29 Sep 75 (3 en)-n/g-34-Baker-2 Arty-Intermittent Fever-2 Sep 76-Fort Reno, IT-Private.
  • Morris, Edward-10 Feb 77-Gloucester-37-Soldier-8 Inf-Chronic Dysentery-28 Jul 78-Sacaton, AT-Private.
  • Neagus, John M-4 Apr 71-n/g-22-Printer-7 Cav-Inflammation of the Lungs-27 Aug 72-Nashville, TN-Farrier.
  • Newman, Herman-15 Jan 77-London-22-Sailor-8 Cav-Drowned while Bathing-29 Apr 78-in Rio Grande, near Ringgold Barracks, TX-Private.
  • Nicole, H G-19 Dec 72 (2 en)-London-31-Soldier-7 Cav-Smallpox-5 Apr 75-New Orleans, LA-Sergeant.
  • Nispel, George J-9 Sep 73-n/g-21-Farmer-16 Inf-Haemorrhage of Lungs-3 Sep 76-Jackson, MS-Private.
  • Nursey, Frederick W-23 Mar 71-Bungay-22-Clerk-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Sergeant.
  • Parker, John-3 Feb 72-Birmingham-22-Gunsmith-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Parkinson, Peter-6 Apr 72-Lancashire-22-Pedlar-7 Inf-Typhoid Fever-16 Aug 72-Fort Stevenson, DT-Recruit.
  • Parsons, William-24 Aug 74 (2 en)-London-34-Farmer-9 Inf-Committed Suicide-25 March 78-Cheyenne Depot, WT-Corporal.
  • Pengally, Edward-12 Sep 73 (3 en)-Devonshire-43-Soldier-8 Cav-Gun Shot Wound (Suicide)-25 Nov 74-Camp Supply, IT-Private.
  • Pennington, Samuel-10 Jul 76 (2 en)-Manchester-29-Soldier-2 Arty-Alcolism-9 Dec 78-Carlisle Barracks, PA-Private.
  • Percy, Thomas-4 Jan 75-n/g-27-Groom-13 Inf-Acute Dysentary-22 Aug 76-Louisburg, LA-Private.
  • Pitter, Felix J-4 Sep 73-Alesford [Brown Candover, near Alresford]-23-Grocer-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Pomeroy, William P-17 Feb 75 (2 en)-n/g-34-Soldier-7 Inf-Killed in action with Indians-9 Aug 77-Big Hole, MT-Private.
  • Prescott, George-22 Dec 74 (3 en)-Shaftesbury-30-Soldier-n/g-Pleura Pneumonia-4 Apr 76-Columbus Barracks, OH-Private.
  • Richardson, William-11 Apr 77 (2 en)-n/g-30-Druggist-Hosp. Steward-Paralysis of the Heart-19 Dec 80-Fort Sill, IT-Hospital Steward.
  • Rishton, Thomas-1 Nov 71-Liverpool-32-Clerk-AGO-Congestive Chill-21 Sep 72-Washington, DC-Sergeant.
  • Roberts, Henry-11 Nov 72-London22-Labourer-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Robinson, John-4 Aug 75 (3 en)-Liverpool-38-Soldier-22 Inf-Chronic Diarrhoea-15 Jan 77-Camp Yellowstone River, MT-Private.
  • Robinson, John J-31 Aug 76-Birmingham-23-Moulder-5 Cav-Compound Fracture of the Skull-21 Nov 80-Fort Laramie, WT-Private.
  • Robinson, John-31 Dec 77 (4 en)-London-44-Painter-4 Arty-Committed Suicide-17 Apr 82-Presidio, CA-Private.
  • Ryan, Daniel-7 Jan 76 (2 en)-Manchester-26-Soldier-1 Cav-Killed in action with Indians-3 Jul 77-near Cottonwood Ranch, IT-Private.
  • Shahey, Terrence-1 Nov 72-Woolwich, London-24-Labourer-16 Inf-Pleura Pneumonia-8 Apr 73-Jackson, MS-Private.
  • Sharrow, William H-10 Sep 74 (3 en)-At Sea [Sheriff Hutton, Yorkshire]-29-Soldier-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Sergeant Major.
  • Shea, Jeremiah-6 Sep 75-London-Hostler-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Skinner, William-17 Jun 74 (4 en)-Maidstone-36-Soldier-2 Cav-Committed Suicide-28 May 79-Fort Keogh, MT-Sergeant.
  • Skippings, Arthur-15 Nov 73-Petersham (?)-26-Cook-3 Inf-Softening of the Brain-13 Oct 74-Jackson Barracks, LA-Private.
  • Smith, Richard-24 Mar 77 (3 en)-Halifax-33-Soldier-1 Cav-Wounds-9 Jul 78-received at Birch Creek, Oregon-Private.
  • Stanley, John-9 Nov 74 (2 en)-Shropshire-27-Soldier-17 Inf-Inflammation of the Spine-14 Mar 79-Fort A., Lincoln-Sergeant.
  • Stone, Joseph-22 May71-Banbury-31-Clerk-19 Inf-Sunstroke-5 Jul 73-Greenwood, LA-Private.
  • Stracey, William-1 Sep 76-London-32-Farrier-2 Cav-Pneumonia-18 Nov 76-Fort D. A. Russell, WT-Private.
  • Sutton, George-10 May 71-n/g-25-Labourer-1 Inf-Gun Shot Wound-10 Sep 71-Fort Wayne, MI-Private.
  • Sweeney, William-30 May 71 (2 en)-Burnley-40-Musician-19 Inf-Delirium Tremens-20 Jul 71-Baton Rouge, LA-Chief Musician.
  • Tattersfield, Thomas-1 Oct 73-Manchester-22-Patternmaker-7 Cav-Drowned-21 Jun 74-Missouri River at Fort Lincoln, DT-Private.
  • Tucker, John-24 Jun 74 (3 en)-Manchester-2-Musician-21 Inf-Gun Shot Wound inflicted by himself-2 Feb 76-Fort Lapwai, IT-Private.
  • Tucker, John-16 Aug 75-Bristol-42-Soldier-n/g-Exposure and continual drinking of intoxicating liquor-12 Oct 75-Fort Jackson, LA-Ordnance Sergeant.
  • Wall, Thomas-1 Sep 77-Lancashire-24-Saddler-8 Cav-Congestion of the Brain-2 May 78-Fort Clark-TX-Trumpeter.
  • Ward, Herbert-21 Dec 77-London-22-Printer-5 Inf-Epilepsy-15 Jan 78-Fort Snelling, MN-Recruit.
  • Woods, James-26 Dec 74-Liverpool-21-Carpenter-8 Inf-Inflammation of the Brain-17 Jul 76-Camp Lowell, AT-Private.
  • SCOTLAND [34]
  • Barns, Asa J-1 Feb 73-Glasgow-23-Labourer-GS-Inflammation of Spinal Cord and Brain-1 Apr 73-Newport Barracks, KY-Recruit.
  • Crawford, James-22 Jul 71-Glasgow-28-Painter-3 Cav-Inflammation of the Lungs-24 Jan 74-Fort McPherson, NE-Private.
  • Crawford, John-16 Dec 71 (5 en)-Edinburgh-46-Soldier-n/g-Dyspepsia-11 May 74-Fort Gaines, AL-Ordnance Sergeant.
  • Davidson, John-10 Jun 71 (4 en)-Perthshire-34-Teacher-5 Arty-Consumption-7 Aug 73-Savannah, GA-Commissary Sergeant.
  • Farquharson, Robert H-11 Jul 72-Aberdeen-28-Surgeon-Hospital Steward-Overdose of Morphine and Alcoholic Liquor-29 Dec 73-San Juan Island, WT-Hospital Steward.
  • Finlay, Robert H-9 Dec 71-Hamilton-27-Clerk-2 Cav-Cause n/g-8 Jan 72-Omaha Barracks, NE-Private.
  • Fisher, James-22 Jan 72-Perthshire-33-Clerk-GS-Consumption-13 Aug 72-St Louis Barracks, MO- Recruit.
  • Fraser, David M-25 Oct 72-n/g-29-Book Keeper-20 Inf- Phthisis Pulmonaris-2 Mar 75-St Paul, MN-Private.
  • Gallon, Robert B-13 Mar 77 (3 en)-Aberdeen-30-Soldier-18 Inf-Committed Suicide by Shooting himself-20 Dec 77-Chattanooga, TN-1st Sergeant.
  • Gilmour, Archibald-30 Mar 76 (3 en)-Paisley-45-Soldier-10 Inf-Hypertrophy and Valvular Disease of the Heart-19 Feb 77-Fort McKavett, TX-Recruit.
  • Glover, William-19 Jan 75 (3 en)-Edinburgh-41-Soldier-5 Inf-Congestion of the Brain-24 Jan 75-Fort Leavenworth, KS-Private.
  • Hutchinson, William-22 Jun 74 (3 en)-Glasgow-31-Soldier-21 Inf-Killed-11 Jul 77-in action with hostile Indians at Clearwater, IT-Private.
  • Kell, John-22 Jan 73-Glasgow-29-Soldier-2 Inf-General Paralysis with Mania-25 Nov 75-Gov’t Hospital for the Insane near Washington, DC-Private.
  • Laurie, James-8 Nov 72-Galashiels-23-Woolspinner-7 Cav-Acute Pulmonary Phthisis-27 Feb 73-Newberry, SC-Private.
  • Lawrie, James-26 Aug 72-n/g-35-Clerk-HSSF-Softening of the Brain and Cardiac-20 Jan75- Gov’t Hospital for the Insane near Washington, DC-Hospital Steward.
  • Loughton, Henry-15 Oct 75 (4 en)-Edinburgh-33-Soldier-Committed Suicide-24 May 77-Cheyenne Agency, DT-Private.
  • McCrae, Christopher-2 Mar 71-Dingwall-23-Farmer-10 Inf-Drowned-13 Aug 72-in San Antonio River, near San Antonio, TX-n/g.
  • Macfarlane, Alexander-21 Jul 76 (2 en)-Perth-28-Soldier-5 Cav-Wounds received in action with Indians-28 Nov 76-Camp on South Fork of Powder River, MT- Private.
  • McFarlane-John-6 Feb 73-Glasgow-33-Labourer-9 Inf-Frozen to death-2 Jan 77-near Waterhole Ranch, WT-Private.
  • McGregor, Angus-5 Dec 77-Perth-34-Musician-GS-Drowned-14 Dec 78-near Rochelle, NY-Private.
  • McGregor, John-24 Apr 74 (2 en)-Dimond (?) Bank-29-Soldier-2 Cav-Drowned-7 May 76-while crossing the Laramie River, WT-1st Sergeant.
  • McGuiniss, Thomas-21 Oct 72-Edinburgh-29-Labourer-23 Inf-injuries received by accidentally falling off a chimney-9 Sep 73-Camp McDowell, AT-Private.
  • McSwan, Donald-10 Jul 71 (3 en)-Glasgow-37-Soldier-19 Inf-Chronic Diarrhoea-21 Oct 72-Baton Rouge, LA- Sergeant.
  • Maxwell, Alexander-25 Aug 71 (4 en)-Inverness-34-Soldier-1 Arty-Unknown Disease while on Sick Furlough-25 Feb 73-Bellevue Hospital, New York City, NY-n/g.
  • Maxwell, James-4 Sep 76-n/g-21-Farmer-5 Cav-Chronic Pleurisy-7 Jun 77-Sidney Barracks, NE-Private.
  • Moody, William-15 Dec 74-Edinburgh-Coachman-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-
  • Morrison, John-7 Jan 75-n/g-23-Labourer-13 Inf-Drowned (Suicide?)-8 May 75-New Orleans, LA-Private.
  • Murray, James-18 Feb 77 (6 en)-Glasgow-43-Soldier-5 Cav-Stabbed with Knife-11 Dec 77-Fort D. A. Russell, WT-Private.
  • Payne, William H-4 Jun 77 (2 en)-Dundee-27-Tinsmith-7 Inf-Killed in action with Indians-9 Aug 77-Big Hole, MT-Corporal.
  • Ramsay, Alexander-8 Nov 72-n/g-33-Labourer-23 Inf-Peritonitis from rupture of the Liver-6 Oct 74-Omaha, NE-Private.
  • Scott, Charles-20 Nov 73-n/g-22-Cook-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Walker, Hugh-23 Jan 77 (4 en)-New Deer-33-Soldier-3 Inf-Pneumonia-30 Dec 80-Fort Union, NM-Commissary Sergeant.
  • White, James-1 Aug 74-Dundee-26-Soldier-14 Inf-Stabbed self-inflicted while delirious-8 Feb 79-Fort Cameron, UT-Private.
  • Wilkie, Thomas-5 Jun 73-Edinburgh-27-Butcher-n/g-Pulmonary Consumption-21 May 74-St Louis Barracks, MO-Private.
  •  WALES [5]
  •  Evans, Benjamin-29 Dec 73-Cardiff-40-Soldier-4 Cav-Committed Suicide, Pistol Shot Wound-24 May 75-North Fork Red River-Sergeant.
  • James, William B-5 Feb 73-Pembrokeshire [Pencnwc, Dinas]-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Sergeant.
  • Morris, William-13 Dec 75 (3 en)-n/g-32-soldier-18 Inf-Pneumonia-3 Feb 76-Columbia-SC-Private.
  • Wheeler, William-1 Dec 71-n/g-25-Medical Doctor-4 Cav-Typhoid Fever-29 May 73-Fort Clark, TX-Corporal.
  • Williams, William (9 en)-18 Jun 75-Holyhead-66-Moulder-Ordnance Sgt-Congestion of the Lungs-22 May 82-Fort Sullivan, ME-Ordnance Sergeant.
  • NORTHERN IRELAND [49]
  •  Aitcheson, Thomas-21 Aug 71-Antrim-36-Soldier-7 Cav-Killed- 25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Bell, James27 Apr 72 (2 en)-Down-31-Tailor-1 Inf-Pneumonia and Delirium Terms-13 May 72-Ft Porter, NY-Private.
  • Blackwood, Robert-2 Dec 75-Down-22-Gear Maker-3 Cav-Chronic Diahorrea-22 Sep 76-Fort Fetterman, WT-Private.
  • Brogan, Michael-7 Nov 71-(3 en)-Tyrone-36-Labourer-Ordnance Dept. Arsenal-Hepatic and General congestion-4 May 74-Frankford Arsenal, PA-Private.
  • Carey, James-2 Nov 71-Fermanagh-26-Labourer-7 Cav-Pneumonia-4 Feb 75-Fort Abraham Lincoln, DT-Private.
  • Carroll, David-25 May 75-Tyrone-21-Porter-1 Cav-Killed-3 Jul 77-in action with Hostile Indians at Craigs’ Mountain, IT-Private.
  • Cassidy, Richard-18 Jan 71-Londonderry-33-Clerk-2 Arty-Pneumonia-8 Feb 71-Presido of San Francisco, CA-Private.
  • Corigan, John-15 Oct 72-Tyrone-31-Soldier-4 Cav-General Debility-8 Nov 74-Supply Camp Southern Columbus on the Fresh Water Fork of the Brazos River, TX-Private.
  • Coxe, John J-22 Aug 71-Fermanagh-35-Labourer-4 Inf-Committed Suicide-21 Aug 74-Cheyenne, WT-Sergeant.
  • Davison, John-13 May 72 (4 en)-Belfast-31-Soldier—1 Arty-Congestion of the Brain-22 Oct 74-Charleston, SC- Commissary Sergeant.
  • Dilly, James-1 Jul 76 (5 en)-Tyrone-42-Soldier-2 Arty-Acute Inflammation of the Liver-29 Jul 76-Charleston, SC-Private.
  • Dolan, John-10 Dec 76 (6 en)-Antrim-45-Soldier-5 Cav-Killed-29 Sep 79-in action with Hostile Indians at Milk River, CO-1st Sergeant.
  • Fanning, John-12 Jun 72 (2 en)-Antrim-43-Saddler-8 Cav-Chronic Dementia with Cerebral Effusion=23 Sep 75-Govt Insane Asylum near Washington, DC-Saddler.
  • Flanagan, James-10 Apr 76-Fermanagh-22-Farmer-2 Arty-Typhoid Fever-15 Nov 78-Fort Johnson, NC-Private.
  • Gentles, William-10 Jun 75 (4 en)-Tyrone-40-Soldier-14 Inf-Asthma-20 May 78-Camp Douglas, UT -Private.
  • Graham, Charles-7 Jul 72 (2 en)-Tyrone-35-Soldier-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • Grainger, Robert-1 Mar 75-Belfast-61-Ordn. Sgt-Heart Disease-31 Aug 75-Fort Montgomery, Rouses Point, NY-Ordnance Sergeant.
  • Gunn, Patrick-30 Sep 72 (5 en)-Fermanagh-43-Soldier-1 Cav-Killed-17 Jun 77-in action with Hostile Indians at White River Creek, IT-Sergeant.
  • Henderson, James-1 Dec 71 (4 en)-Newry, Armagh-34-Soldier-1 Arty-Yellow Fever-2 Jul 75-Fort Barrancas, FL-Private.
  • Henderson, Robert-20 Mar 74 (3 en)-Down-40-Soldier-5 Inf-Rupture of the Bladder-18 Mar 78-Fort Keogh, MT-Private.
  • Hosey, John-29 Jan 76 (4 en)-Armagh-47-Soldier-8 Inf-Delirium Tremens-21 Oct 76- Fort Apache, AT-1st Sergeant.
  • Irvin, John-11 Oct 71 (5 en)-Tyrone-36-Soldier-1 Inf-Drowned-25 (?) Nov 71-Fort Detroit (?), MI-n/g.
  • Irving, John-20 Oct 76 (2 en)-Down-29-Engineer-2 Cav-Killed-1 Oct 77-in action with Hostile Indians at Snake Creek, MT-Farrier.
  • Johnson, Thomas-1 Feb 72 (3 en)-Tyrone-40-Soldier-8 Inf-Perforating Intestinal Ulcer-20 Apr 74-Beaver, UT-Private.
  • Keenan, Julius-18 Nov 72-Tyrone-25-Baker-5 Arty-Consumption-9 Jan 77-St Augustine, FL-Private.
  • McBirnie, William J-11 Jun 74-Belfast-34-Seaman-19 Inf-Concussion of the Brain-20 Oct 75-at Cantonment Sweetwater, TX-Private.
  • McCausland, John-21 Sep 74-Tyrone-38-Blacksmith-23 Inf-Aneurysm of the Aorta-26 Jun 76-Fort McPherson, NE-Private.
  • McClay, Thomas-29 Dec 71-Tyrone-29-Labourer-8 Inf-Abscess of the Liver-6 Jul 74-Fort Cameron, UT-Private.
  • McCourt, Terence-1 Feb 71 (4 en)-Belfast-34-Soldier-3 Arty-Acute Dysentary-26 Oct 71-Fort Marion, FL-Private.
  • McFadden, Samuel-9 Dec 71 (3 en)-Londonderry-34-Musician-19 Inf- Drowned-9 Jul 76-Fort Lyon, CT- Private.
  • McFadden, William-20 Apr 75 (2 en)-Fermanagh-33-Soldier-19 Inf-Renal Disease-14 Jan 78-Fort Lyon, CO-Principal Musician.
  • McFall, Robert-27 Jan 75 (3 en)-Belfast-27-Soldier-1 Arty-Yellow Fever-4 Aug 75-Fort Barrancas, FL-1st Sergeant.
  • McGuire, James-3 May 75-Lisburn-33- Labourer-7 Inf-Killed-9 Aug 77-in action with Indians at Big Hole, MT-Private.
  • McIlhargey, Archibald-19 Nov 72 (2 en)-Antrim-27-Soldier-7 Cav-Killed-25 Jun 76-in action with Indians on Little Big Horn River, MT-Private.
  • McIntyre, Samuel-13 Sep 76-Antrim-21-Baker-7 Cav-30 Sep 77-Killed-in action with Indians at Bear Paw Mountain, MT-Private.
  • McKnight, Samuel-1 Oct 71 (? en)–Down-57- Soldier-AGO-Peritonitis-17 Jul 75-Washington, DC-Messenger.
  • McMillen, John-21 Oct 71-Antrim-24-Labourer-11 Inf-Drowned-12 Jul 72-Lost Creek, Fort Richardson, TX-Private.
  • McWilliams, Joseph-20 Jun 72 (2 en)-Down-27-Soldier-4 Cav-Killed-12 Mar 73-by a detachment of Company H, 9th Cavalry, at Kickapoo Springs, TX- Private.
  • Marshall, David, 12 Aug 74 (5 en)-Tyrone-43-Soldier-3 Cav-Killed-17 Jun 1876-in action with Sioux Indians on Rosebud Creek, MT-Sergeant.
  • Mitchell, John-17 Nov 76 (4 en)-Londonderry-36-Soldier-15 Inf-Inflammation of the Lungs-13 Mar 1881-Fort Stanton, NM-Corporal.
  • Mulholland, James-2 May 76 (9 en)-Antrim-62-Hosp. Attend-Heart Disease-16 Feb 79-Yesta Buena Island, CA-Hospital Steward.
  • O’Byrne, Michael-17 Dec 75-Lisburn-23-Labourer-8 Inf (transferred to 6 Cav)-Gun Shot Wound-12 May 78-at Camp Verde, AT-Private.
  • Quigg, Patrick-3 Aug 75-Derry-30-Musician-11 Inf-Consumption-22 Jan 78-Cheyenne Agency, DT-Private.
  • Robinson, James-13 Feb 71-Fermanagh- 22¾-Clerk-11 Inf-Accidental discharge of musket-8 Mar 74-Head of Concho River, TX-Sergeant.
  • Scollin, Mathew-3 Aug 71 (5 en)-Fermanagh-43-Moulder-5 Inf-Lung Fever-1 Feb 72- Fort Harker, KS-Private.
  • Scott, William-14 Dec 72 (2 en)-Down-43-Clerk-7 Cav-n/g-29 Nov 73-Fort Lincoln, DT-Private.
  • Taggart, James-8 Mar 75-Antrim-25-Carpenter-3 Cav-Killed-22 Jan 79-in action Fort Robinson, NE-Sergeant.
  • Taylor, James-1 Dec 76 (4 en)-Antrim-30-Soldier-18 Inf-Drowned-25 Nov 78-Fort Gaines, AL-Ordnance Sergeant.
  • Walmsley, James, 25 Mar 73-Fermanagh-30-Labourer-n/g-Dysentary-26 Jul 73- Newport Barracks, KY-Recruit.
  • Note: Many recruits gave their place of birth as ‘Ireland’, i.e., no specific town or county, and it is most likely that an unknown number were born within the borders of present-day Northern Ireland.,
  •  And…….
  • NEW ZEALAND [1]
  • Fielding, William P-10 Feb 72-Bay of Islands-32-Cook-8 Cav-Asthma-4 Nov 74-Fort Wingate, NM-Private.

[2] Wounded at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25-26 June 1876

A list of the wounded (above) from the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25-26, June 1876, taken to Fort Abraham Lincoln on the steamer 'Far West' 3 July 1876, as reported in the Bismarck Weekly Tribune, 12 July 1876.

The steamboat 'Far West' - built Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1870, was 120ft x 33ft x 6ft and could carry 200 tons and 30 cabin passengers.

Dr Henry Rinaldo Porter (1848-1903), Acting Assistant Surgeon with the Dakota Column and survivor of the Battle of the Little Big Horn.

  • Transported on the Far West to Fort Abraham Lincoln, Dakota Territory on July 3, 1876
  • Thirty-nine troopers and an Indian Scout
  • Name at Enlistment – Rank – Company – Wound Sustained – Comments
  • Bennett, James C – Private – C – Dorsal spine (completely paralysed below seat of injury) – died on the Far West July 5, 1876
  • Bishop, Alexander B– Corporal – H – Right arm – transferred to Fort Rice Hospital July 16, 1876
  • Bishop, Charles H – Private – H – Right shoulder – transferred to Fort Rice Hospital July 12, 1876
  • Black, Henry – Private – H – Right hand – transferred to Fort Rice Hospital July 12, 1876
  • Braun, Frank – Private – M – Face and left thigh – died at Fort Abraham Lincoln October 4, 1876
  • Campbell, Charles – Private – G – Right shoulder – in the first water party – died of TB on August 2, 1906 in Silver City, New Mexico Territory
  • Carey, Patrick – Sergeant – M – Right hip – left in the timber after the valley fight – joined the command on Reno Hill after dark
  • Cooney, David – Private – I – Right side or hip – died Fort Abraham Lincoln July 20, 1876
  • Cooper, John – Private – H – Right elbow – transferred to Fort Rice Hospital July 12, 1876
  • Corcoran, Patrick – Private – K – Right shoulder – in Post Hospital t0 January 29, 1877, then discharged – died March 4, 1922 in National Soldiers’ Home, Washington, D.C.
  • Deihle, Jacob – Private – A – Left cheek (lost four teeth) – orderly to Captain Myles Moylan
  • Farley, William – Private – H – Left shoulder – only to Powder River Camp – sent to Fort Lincoln on the steamer Josephine July 19, 1876
  • Foster, Samuel J – Private – A – Right arm – later served in the 20th Infantry
  • George, William M  –  Private – H – Left side or back – died on the Far West at 4.00 a.m. on July 3, 1876 – buried at Powder River
  • Heyn, William – 1st Sergeant – A – Left knee – bullet passed into his horse – discharged August 31, 1888 as a ‘habitually intemperate’ clerk. Married Sarah M. Brown in Washington, D.C., 9 December 1908 and died there 11 June 1910
  • Holmsted, Frederick – Private – A – Left wrist (or right forearm] – Birth name Frederik Holmsted Mortensen – died March 27, 1880 at Fort Lincoln after a long illness
  • McDonnell, Patrick – Private – D – Left leg – died September 2, 1922 in San Antonio, Texas
  • McGuire, John B – Private – C – Right arm – his personal request to President Roosevelt for a Medal of Honor, based on his claim that he was equally deserving as Sergeant Richard Hanley, Company C,  for a similar act, was denied in December 1902
  • McVay, John – Private – G – Hips – from Ireland but referred to as a ‘Scotchman’ by Theodore Goldin
  • Madden, Michael P – Private – K – Right leg – amputated four inches below knee – appointed sergeant July 12, 1876, effective from 26 June
  • Marshall, Jasper R – Private – L – Left foot – one bullet going through and a second lodging in the instep
  • Meier, John H – Private – M – Back of the neck – horse bolted through Indian lines in the valley fight.
  • Mielke, Maximilian – Private – K – Left foot – killed September 30, 1877 in the Snake Creek fight against Nez Perce
  • Moller, Jan – Private – H – Right thigh – birth name Jens Mathiasen Møller
  • Morris, William E – Private – M – Left breast – listed as ‘W. E. Harris’ in the Bismarck Weekly Tribune
  • Newell, Daniel – Blacksmith – H – Left thigh – attended 50th anniversary celebration of the battle
  • Pahl, John – Sergeant – H – Back – ball entered right side near spine and lodged near left hip
  • Phillips, John S – Private – H – Jaw (loss of four teeth) and both hands – bullet though tip of left thumb and middle finger which was then amputated – discharged at Fort Lincoln November 2, 1876 on a surgeon’s certificate
  • Reeves, Francis M – Private – A – Left side and left thigh – was knocked off his horse but remounted
  • Riley, James T – Sergeant – E – Buttock and left thigh – discharged August 11, 1876
  • Rutten, Roman – Private – M – Right shoulder – horse bolted into Indian village in the valley fight
  • Severs, Samuel – Private – H – Both thighs – moved to Fort Rice Hospital on August 11, 1876
  • Smith, William M – Corporal – B – Severe fracture of right arm above elbow – arm became useless – discharged February 9, 1877
  • Strode, Elijah T – Private – A – Right ankle – orderly to Lieut. Charles Varnum – shot by Private Thomas Whalen, Company H, in Sturgis, DT, February 14, 1881. Whalen was found guilty of 2nd degree manslaughter in a civilian court and sentenced to 18 months in Detroit
  • Thompson, Peter – Private – C – Head and right hand – had fallen out of Custer’s column – awarded Medal of Honor
  • Varner, Thomas B. – Private – M – Right ear – deserted June 7, 1878 with Private Levi Thornberry, also Company M
  • White, Charles – Sergeant – M – Right elbow – had been left in the timber – birth name Henry Charles Weihe
  • Whitaker, Alfred – Private – C – Right elbow – later served in the 17th Infantry – died of TB on February 10, 1887 in Kansas City, MO
  • Wilber, James – Private – M – Left leg – while with the water party – death certificate says he was born in Ireland
  • Goose (Arikara) – Private – Indian Scouts – Right hand – only to Fort Berthold

 

  • On the Far West but not wounded in the battle
  • Three troopers – one from the 7th Infantry
  • Name at Enlistment –  Rank – Company – Ailment/Wound Sustained – Comments
  • Ackison, David – Private – F – Constipation – only to Fort Buford – first became sick on Reno’s scout
  • McWilliams, David – Private – H – Right leg – only from Powder River Camp – accidentally shot himself with a revolver while hunting on June 6. Died from an overdose of laudanum September 9, 1882.
  • Riley, Michael – Sergeant [7th Infantry] – I – Consumption – only to Fort Buford

Captain Frederick W. (1834-1898), Commanding a battalion (Companies D, H and K) at the battle.

Corporal Charles A. Windolph (1851-1950) Company H, a private at the time of the battle. (Photo mostly likely taken in September 1876)

  • Wounded who remained in the field with the regiment
  • Two officers, twenty-three troopers, one civilian, and an Indian Scout
  • Name at Enlistment – Rank – Company – Wound Sustained – Comments
  • Benteen, Frederick W – Captain – H – Right thumb – brevetted brigadier general for service at Little Big Horn and Canyon Creek
  • Bishley, Henry – Private – H – Right shoulder – discharged on a surgeon’s certificate June 9, 1879
  • Boyle, James P – Private – G –  Back (minor) – an orderly at St. Alexius Hospital, Bismarck, for many years
  • Conelly, Patrick C – Sergeant – H – Left shoulder – aka Patrick White – president of the Benteen Base Ball Club
  • Criswell, Benjamin  –  Sergeant – B – Neck – awarded Medal of Honor – rescued Lieut. Benjamin Hodgson from within the enemy’s lines
  • Cunningham, Charles – Corporal – B – Neck – awarded Medal of Honor – declined to leave the line when wounded
  • Hackett, John – Private – G – Left arm – orderly to Lieut. George Wallace – Died February 25, 1904 at Fort Sheridan, IL
  • Hetler, Jacob – Private – D – Left leg and back – recommended by Lieut. Edward Godfrey for a Medal of Honor
  • Hughes, Thomas  Private – H – Left foot – not listed in the returns of the wounded – died August 12, 1911 in Nashville, TN
  • King, George H –  Corporal – A – Left shoulder – died July 2, 1876 – buried on the north bank of the Yellowstone near the mouth of the Big Horn River
  • Kretchmer, Joseph – Private – D – Neck – died April 19, 1928 in Washington, D.C.
  • McCurry, Joseph  1st Sergeant – H – Left shoulder – appointed sergeant major August 1, 1876 but reverted to 1st sergeant two months later
  • McLaughlin, Thomas – Sergeant – H – Left forearm – died March 3, 1886 in the North Dakota Hospital for the Insane
  • Morrison, John – Private – G – Right thumb – discharged as a private with a good character on May 20, 1880 at Fort Meade, DT
  • Murray, Thomas – Sergeant – B – Not disclosed – awarded Medal of Honor – died of consumption August 4, 1888 in Washington, D.C.
  • Petring, Henry – Private – G – Eye and hip – one the eleven men with Herendeen left in the timber
  • Pigford, Edward – Private – M – Right hip and right forearm – discharged October 15, 1876 for enlisting underage
  • Pym, James  – Private – B – Right ankle – awarded Medal of Honor – shot dead by a cowboy on November 29, 1893 in Miles City, MT
  • Ramell, William – Trumpeter – H – Face – reenlisted in several different regiments under different names – died June 21, 1924 in Bayonne, NJ
  • Shields, William M –  Saddler – E – Buttock – promoted and reduced to private on numerous occasions – died September 6, 1888 at Fort Sill, Indian Territory
  • Varnum. Charles A – 2nd Lieutenant – A – Both legs (slightly) – awarded Medal of Honor for action at White Clay Creek, SD, 30 December 1890
  • Voit, Otto – Saddler – H – Left leg – awarded Medal of Honor – promoted to saddler sergeant January 1, 1879
  • Wagoner, John C – Chief Packer – Quartermaster Dept. – Forehead – unconscious until next day – carried a bullet in his head for years
  • Wiedman, Charles T – Private – M – Left thigh – received a pension for gunshot wounds and Bright’s disease on November 14, 1918
  • Williams, William C – Private – H – Left hip – appointed a captain in the 13th Ohio Infantry, Ohio National Guard on March 23, 1886
  • Wrangel, Charles – Private – H – Buttock – real name ‘Windolph’, orderly to Captain Frederick Benteen, awarded Medal of Honor. The last U.S. soldier survivor of the battle. Died age 98, Lead, SD, March 11, 1851
  • White Swan (Crow) – Private – Indian Scouts – Right wrist (fractured) and thigh – returned to family July 8, 1876. Died August 4, 1904
  • Compiled by Peter Russell – Updated 3 November 2018

 

  • It should be noted that:
  • The U.S. Army produced an ‘official list’ of the wounded at Little Big Horn which was recorded by Dr John M. Williams, Chief Medical Officer of General Alfred Terry’s Dakota Column – “Classified Return of Wounds and Injuries Rec’d in Action on 25 & 26 days of June 1876 at Battle of Little Big Horn MT,” National Archives & Records Administration, Record Group 94, Reports on Diseases and Individual Cases, 1841-1893, Entry 624, File “F,” 1861-1889: Lists of casualties in various engagements (“Transferred to Hospital  Ft. A. Lincoln D.T. July 3/76”).
  • Many of the names in this Return differ from those given at enlistment.
  • It would seem that Dr Williams completed his report on or after July 12, 1876 as Michael Madden, Company K, is shown with the rank of sergeant, an appointment that though effective from June 26, was not made until July 12.
  • Dr Williams’ list confirms that thirty-nine troopers were indeed transported on the Far West on July 3, 1876.

[3] Widows and children of men killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25-26 June 1876

Elizabeth Bacon Custer, widow of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer (above). Hattie Dose Garlick Ackerman, daughter of Trumpeter Henry Dose, Company G (right).

  •  
  • WIDOWS and CHILDREN of men killed in the Battle – updated 18 October 2018
  • Deceased – Rank – Company/Unit – Country of Birth – Widow – Children
  • Allan, Fred E – Private – C – England – Mary Hamilton Fletcher – Harry
  • Baker, William H – Private – E – USA – Nancy E Broadway (divorced) – Minnie
  • Bloody Knife – Guide – QMD – USA (Dakota Terr.) – She Owl – a son
  • Bobo, L Edwin – 1st Sergeant – C – USA – Missouri Ann Wycoff* – Charles; Frank
  • Bob-tailed Bull – Private – Indian Scouts – USA (Dakota Terr.) – Bear Woman – 3 children
  • Bouyer, Mitch – Interpreter – QMD – USA (Dakota Terr.) – Magpie Outside* – Mary; Thomas
  • Botzer, Edward – Sergeant (Actg 1st Sgt) – Germany – “Mrs Brushes’ daughter” – Charley
  • Butler, James – 1st Sergeant – L – USA – Mary ? – None
  • Calhoun, James – 1st Lieutenant  – C – USA – Margaret Emma Custer* – None
  • Crisfield, William B – Private – L – England – Mary Blanchton* – Edward; Albert; Paul
  • Custer, George A – Lieutenant Colonel – Staff – USA – Elizabeth Bacon – None
  • Custer, Thomas W – Captain – C – USA – Not married – Thomas
  • Darris, John – Private E – USA – Mary E Topping* – Julia; Mary
  • DeWolf, James M – Actg Asst Surgeon – Staff – USA – Frances J Downing* – None
  • Dorman, Isaiah – Interpreter – QMD – USA – Celeste St Pierre – Baptiste; Maria Celeste; Henry
  • Dose, Henry – Trumpeter – G – Germany – Anna Elizabeth Hahn (aka Fettis)* – Hattie; Charles
  • Downing, Thomas P – Private – I – Ireland – Not married – a daughter
  • Finley, Jeremiah – Sergeant – C – Ireland – Ellen E Boyer* – Mary Ellen; William; Jeremiah
  • Gilbert, William H – Corporal – L – USA – Mary Kittinger* – Rudy
  • Harrington, Henry – 2nd Lieutenant – C – USA – Grace Berard – Grace; Harry
  • Hohmeyer, Frederick – 1st Sergeant – E – Germany – Mary ? – Lizzie; William; Lena; Nellie
  • Hughes, Francis T – Private – L – USA – Mary Jane Madden – William; Francis; Charles
  • Hughes, Robert H – Sergeant – K – Ireland – Annie ? – Maggie (step-daughter); Miles; Thomas.
  • Kelley, Patrick3 – Private – I – Ireland – Ellen Flynn – Susan; Ellen (step-daughters)
  • Kellogg, Marcus H – Civilian Reporter – Staff – Canada – Martha Robinson (dec’d) – Cora; Martha
  • Kelly, John – Private – F – USA – Katherine E. (Corsey?)* – Henry; Ruth; Josephine
  • Klein, Gustav – Private – F – Germany – Not known – Anton; Catharina; Mathias; Franziska
  • Kramer, William – Trumpeter – C – USA – Elnora ? – Oren
  • Little Brave4 – Private – Indian Scouts – USA (Dakota Terr.) – Not known – Not known
  • McElroy, Thomas – Trumpeter – E – Ireland  – Nora Sullivan* – Thomas
  • McIlhargey, Archibald – Private – I – Ireland  – Johanna (or Josephine) Lee* – Archibald; Rosalie
  • McIntosh, Donald – 1st Lieutenant – G – Canada – Mary Garrett – None
  • Mitchell, John E – Private – I – Ireland – Catherine Agnes Clemens (aka Hughes) – Anna; Catherine
  • Porter, James E – 1st Lieutenant – I – USA – Eliza Frances Westcott – David; James
  • Post, George – Private – I – USA – Maggie ? – None
  • Rogers, Walter B – Private – L – USA – Emma ? – None
  • Smith, Algernon E – 1st Lieutenant – A – USA – Henrietta Bowen – None
  • Staples, Samuel F – Corporal – I – USA – Annie ? – None
  • Symms, Darwin – Private – I – Canada – Isabell Smith – None
  • Warner, Oscar T – Private – C – USA – Sarah ? – None
  • Way, Thomas N – Private – F – USA – Rebecca ? – None
  • Wells, Benjamin J – Farrier – C – USA – Sarah ? – Charles
  • Wild, John – Corporal – I – USA – Annie Dawson – None
  • Wilki(n)son, John K – Sergeant – F – USA – Anna Howard* – None
  • Yates, George W M – Captain – F – USA – Annie Gibson Roberts – George; Bessie; Milnor

 

  • 45 Husbands/fathers – 42 Widows – and 63 Children/step-children
  • Notes:
  • *   Indicates remarried.
  • 1.  Real name Alfred Ernest Allen
  • 2.  The only reference to Botzer being married and having a child is in a letter from Captain Albert Barnitz to his wife dated 5 July 1868.
  •       As no widow’s or minor’s army pension was ever applied for, the sergeant’s inclusion in this list must therefore remain in doubt.
  • 3.  Real name Edward H. Kelly. Listed as PAT’K KELLY on the battle monument.
  • 4.  Listed as LITTLE SOLDIER on the battle monument.
  • In the Medical History of Fort Abraham Lincoln, Asst. Surgeon J. Van D. Middleton reported: “There were 24 women who have been made widows by this disaster.” Lieut. Edward Godfrey wrote that there were 39 widows at Fort Lincoln, which was likely to be correct. There were three widows at Fort Totten but none at Fort Rice. The wife of Private Fred Allan, and possibly one or two others, were not at Fort Lincoln at the time of the battle. 
  • Bismarck Weekly Tribune, 12 July 1876
  • In addition to the officers suffering at Fort Lincoln alone there are twenty-one widows, wives of enlisted men. Deprived of their husbands and of their means of support, life in the future must indeed look dark to them. They feel as deeply, and suffer as keenly as those of higher rank, and deserve as fully that sympathy which mankind when fully aroused never fails to bestow.
    One of the first duties of Congress should be to give to each widow, or mother of a deceased officer or soldier, at least a year’s pay, and give it without the customary haggling over the expense, and provide for their future wants by liberal pensions. In justice they can do no less, they ought to do much more, and the expense of caring for the suffers should be deducted from the allowances heretofore granted to the Sioux.
  • Chicago Times, 8 August 1876
  • A party of ladies in whom a deep interest is taken just now, arrived at the Palmer House at 4 o’clock on yesterday afternoon. They are Mrs. General Custer, Mrs. Colonel G. W. Yates, Mrs. Captain A. E. Smith, Mrs. Calhoun and Miss Emma Reed. All these ladies’ except Miss Reed, are the widows of the gallant officers massacred by the red-skinned devils under Sitting Bull.  Mrs. Calhoun, wife of first Lieutenant Calhoun, is a sister of General Custer, and Miss Reed is his niece. Mr. Reed, step-brother of the General, and Mr. Richard A. Roberts, correspondent of the New York Sun, and brother of Mrs. Yates, have charge of the ladies.
  • The ladies were all attired in deep mourning. They received no callers, took Supper in a private parlor at the hotel, and left at 9 o’clock last evening on the Chicago Central railroad. Mrs. Custer, Mrs. Calhoun, Mrs. Yates and Miss Reed will henceforth reside in Monroe, Mich., while Mrs. Smith will find a home in the interior of New York State.
    The party left Fort Lincoln on last Saturday, traveling by boat and carriage to Bismarck, where Sunday was spent as the guests of Col. J. W. Raymond. A special car conveyed them from Bismarck to Fargo on Monday. Remaining over night at the latter place, they left there Tuesday morning and reached St. Paul at six o’clock on Wednesday morning ………………….
  • Note: The author wishes to establish an accurate database of the widows and the children made fatherless as a result of the Battle of Little Big Horn.  As stated in the Introduction page on this website, any amendments, corrections or additional information to the above list would be most gratefully received, via the ‘get in touch’ form on the Contact page.

[4] Men left behind at Fort Abraham Lincoln & Fort Rice, 17 May 1876

The Custer House, Fort Abraham Lincoln State Park, North Dakota.

  • Name – Rank – Company – Reason (detached duty, confinement, sick or other) – Country of Origin

 

  • FORT ABRAHAM LINCOLN
  • Anderson, George – Private – K – Sick – Canada
  • Arnold, Herbert – Private – C – Company property – USA
  • Avery, Charles E – Private – H – In confinement – USA
  • Bauer, Jacob – Private – K  – Sick – Germany
  • Blair, James – Private –  K – Company property & garden – USA
  • Bruns, August – Private – E – Company garden – Germany
  • Carroll, Daniel – Sergeant – B – Acting Post 1st Sergeant – USA
  • Cody, John – Corporal – A – Discharged 19 May 1876 – USA
  • Colwell, John E – Private – L – Sick – USA
  • Conlan, Michael – Corporal – I – Company Garden – USA
  • Corcoran, John – Private – C – In confinement – England
  • Corwine, Robert W – Sergeant – A -Waiting transportation – USA
  • Coveney, Michael –Private – A – Deserted 17 May 1876 – Ireland
  • Day, Clarence F – Private – D – Discharged 19 May 1876 – USA
  • Dooley, Patrick – Private – K – Sick – Ireland
  • Downing, Alexander – Private – F – Band property & garden – USA
  • Drago, Henry – Sergeant – F – Company property – USA
  • Findeisen, Hugo – Sergeant – L – Company garden – Germany
  • Fox, Frederick – Private – I – Post bakery – Germany
  • Gilbert, Julius – Private – E – Company garden – France
  • Grimes, Andrew – Private – I – Company garden – USA
  • Gunther, Julius – Private – K – Sick – Germany
  • Haack, Charles L – Private – I – Sick – Germany
  • Hall, Edward – Private – D – Company garden – USA
  • Hayward, George – Saddler – I – Sick – Canada
  • Hood, Charles – Private – H – Sick – USA
  • Kerr, Dennis – Private – A – Company garden – Ireland
  • Klawitter, Ferdinand – Private – B – Orderly to Mrs Elizabeth Custer – Germany
  • Klein, Nikolaus – Private – F – Company property & garden – Germany
  • Kneubuhler, Joseph – Private – Band – Company garden – Switzerland
  • Laden, Joseph – Private – G – Sick – Ireland
  • Lambertin(e), Frank – Private – H – Sick – Germany
  • Lawler, James-Private  – G – With Quartermaster – Ireland
  • Lieberman, Andrew – Private -K – Deserted 25 May 1876 – Germany
  • Lloyd, Frank J – Sergeant  – G – Acting Post Sergeant Major – England
  • Lombard, Frank – Private  – Band – Sick – Italy
  • Lovett, Meredith – Private  – C – In confinement – USA
  • McCall, Joseph – Corporal – I – Company property & garden – USA
  • McCann, Patrick – Private  – E – In confinement – Ireland
  • McCreedy, Thomas – Private – C – Company property & garden – Ireland
  • McGinnis, John – Private – I – Sick – Ireland
  • Meineke, Ernst – Private – F – Company property & garden – Germany
  • Merritt, George A – Private – Band – Company property – USA
  • Miller, Edwin – Sergeant – C – Company property – Germany
  • Miller, William – Private – I – Company property – USA
  • Mueller, William – Private – D  -Company property – Germany
  • Morton, Thomas – Sergeant – D – Sick – USA
  • O’Neill, James – Private – B – Sick – England
  • Saas, Thomas W – Private – I – Company garden – Germany
  • Sprague, Otto – Private -L – Company garden – USA
  • Thomas, Herbert P – Private – I – Quartermaster – Wales
  • Thompson, Morris – Private – E – Company Garden – USA
  • Thorp, Michael  -Private – F – Band – property & garden – USA
  • Vahlert, Jacob – Private – C – Sick – Germany
  • Weis(s), John – Private – A – Company garden – USA
  • Wells, John S – Sergeant -E – Company property [furlough 5 June 1876] – USA
  • Woodruff, Jerry -Private – E – Company garden – USA
  • Total = 57
  • FORT RICE
  • Marshall, John M – Farrier – H – Company property & garden – England
  • Pittet, Francis – Private – H -Sick – Switzerland
  • Tapley, David – Private –  H – Sick – England [Ireland?]
  • Wood, William M – Farrier – M – Company property & garden – USA
  • Zametzer, John – Private – M – Sick – Germany
  • Total = 5

[5] Men not on the campaign nor at Fort Abraham Lincoln or Fort Rice, 25 June 1876

Edward Garlick. Date unknown. Courtesy of Fort Meade Museum, Sturgis South Dakota.

Major Joseph Greene Tilford (1828-1911)

  • Name – Rank – Company – Reason for Absence – Location – Country of Origin
  • Abos, James A – Private – B – In confinement for desertion, Fort Richardson, TX – USA
  • Bell, James M – 1st Lieutenant– D – Leave of absence since 24 March 1876 – USA
  • Borter, Ludwig – Private – A – In confinement for desertion, Columbus Barracks, OH – USA
  • Braden, Charles – 1st Lieutenant – L – Sick leave since 13 March 1875 – USA
  • Carter, Cassuis R – Trumpeter – G – Detached service at Shreveport, LA – USA
  • Craycroft, William T – 1st Lieutenant – B – Detached service. from April 1876 in KY – USA
  • Eckerson, Edwin P – 2nd Lieutenant – L – En route to join company – USA
  • Farber, Conrad – Private – I – Detached service at Dept. HQ at St Paul, MN – Hungary
  • Flood, Phillip – Private – G – Sick leave since 27 April 1875, lunatic asylum, Washington, D.C. – Ireland
  • Garlick, Edward – 1st  Sergeant – G – Leave of absence in England since 14 April 1876 – England
  • Garlington, Ernest A – 2nd Lieutenant – H – On graduation leave from USMA (West Point) – USA
  • Hale, Owen – Captain – K – Recruiting duty at St Louis – USA
  • Harris, Leonard A – Private – F – In confinement for desertion, Newport, KY – USA
  • Harrison, Alexander – Private – K – In confinement, St Louis – USA
  • Hutter, Anton – Private – E – Sick leave since 19 June 1872, lunatic asylum, Washington, D.C. – Germany
  • Ilsley, Charles S – Captain – E – Aide-de-camp to General John Pope since Jan. 1868 – USA
  • Jackson, Henry – 1st Lieutenant – F – Detached service in office of Chief Signal Officer,
  • Washington, D.C. – USA
  • Knapp, Samuel S – Private – L – En route from St Louis Barracks – USA
  • Larned, Charles W – 2nd Lieutenant – F – Detached service at USMA (West Point) – USA
  • Lewis, David W – Private – B – In confinement for desertion, Fort Barrancas, FL – USA
  • McDonough, James – Private – G – Awaiting assignment at St Louis Barracks – USA
  • Merrill, Lewis – Major – Staff – Detached service from March 1876 as Chief of Staff of the President of
  • Centennial Exhibition, Philadelphia, PA – USA
  • Muller, John– Private – H – In confinement for desertion, Columbus Barracks, OH – Germany
  • Nave, Andrew H – 2nd Lieutenant – I – Sick leave since 14 July 1874 – USA
  • Porter, John – Private – I – In confinement for desertion, Columbus Barracks, OH – USA
  • Sheridan, Michael V – Captain – L – Aide-de-camp to Lt Gen. Philip H. Sheridan (his brother)
  • since 18 February 1871 – USA
  • Sorden , Thomas – Private – G – En route from St Louis Barracks – Finland
  • Sturgis, Samuel D – Colonel – Commanding Regiment – Detached service at GMRS Cavalry Depot,
  • St Louis, from 1 Oct. 1874 – USA
  • Sweeney, William – Private – F – In confinement for theft, Bismarck Jail, DT – USA
  • Tilford, Joseph G – Major – Staff – Leave of absence from 25 Oct. 1875 – USA
  • Tourtellotte, John E – Captain – G – Aide-de-camp to General William T. Sherman
  • since 31 Dec. 1870 -USA
  • Walsh, Michael J – Private – H – In confinement for desertion, Jackson Barracks, New Orleans – Ireland
  • Total = 32                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
  • The author acknowledges the invaluable information contained in Military Register of Custer’s Last Command (2009), by (the late) Roger L. Williams, The Arthur H. Clark Company, Oklahoma; Men With Custer: Biographies of the 7th Cavalry (2010), edited by Ronald H. Nichols with Daniel I. Bird, Custer Battlefield Historical & Museum Association, Inc., Hardin, MT, to which he has made a significant contribution to both volumes. 

[6] Widows of soldiers killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25 June 1876, who are known to have remarried

Frank (left) and Charles Bobo c.1877 (above). Missouri Ann Wycoff Bobo Kanipe (right).

  • 1. Missouri Ann Wycoff (widow of 1st Sergeant L. Edwin Bobo, Company C) married Sergeant Daniel Kanipe, Company C, 7th Cavalry, on 12 April 1877. She had two sons from her first marriage, Charles and Frank. The newlyweds settled in Marion, McDowell County, North Carolina, where they raised eight more children: three sons and five daughters. Daniel worked for the Internal Revenue Service, was treasurer of the Mystic Tie Lodge #237 in Marion for more than 20 years, and served as Captain of the North Carolina Militia Home Guards during World War I. He died age 73 on 18 July 1926 and Missouri died age 80 on 25 May 1934. Both are buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Marion, where a fine headstone marks the grave.
  • 2. Margaret “Maggie” Emma Custer (widow of 1st Lieutenant James Calhoun, Company L), married John H. Maugham, in Pennsylvania in 1904. She died age 58 in March 1910 in Detroit, Michigan, and is buried in Woodland Cemetery, Monroe, Michigan with several other members of the Custer family including her brother Boston and nephew Harry Armstrong Reed, both of whom were killed at Little Big Horn. The fate of Maugham is not known.
  • 3. Mary Blanchton (widow of Private William B. Crisfield, Company L), born in France, one of three widows at Fort Totten on the day of the battle, married Private Martin Personeus, Company L, 7th Cavalry, in 1876 or ’77 in Bismarck, North Dakota, and had two further children – Phoebe and Charles. Martin Personeus died around age 55 on 24 December 1889, in the County Farm Asylum, near Carlinsville, Illinois and buried there in an unmarked grave. Mary passed away age 85 on 17 February 1931 in Gillespie, Macoupin County, Illinois, and laid to rest in Mayfield Memorial Park Cemetery, Carlinville,, where the apocryphal words ‘SURVIVOR GEN. CUSTER’S MASSACRE’ are inscribed on an ornate gravestone. It was placed there by her daughter, Phoebe, and son-in-law, Charles Goodnight, a coal miner; almost certainly a near relative of the Charles Goodnight, who is remembered for blazing the Goodnight-Loving cattle trail from Texas to Wyoming.

Mary Blanchton Crisfield Personeus.

Frances Downing, right.

  • 4. Frances “Fannie” J. Downing (widow of Acting Assistant Surgeon James M. DeWolf, a civilian contract surgeon), another Fort Totten widow, married Elijah Dodd on 10 June 1879 at Waterville, Ohio, who she divorced in 1912. They had one child, Verne Adams Dodd. Frances died age 65 on 19 May 1918 and is buried next to her first husband, James DeWolf, in Woodlawn Cemetery. Norwalk, Huron County, Ohio.
  • Note: Although written as a novel, Voices In Our Souls (2010), by Gene Erb and Ann DeWolf Erb, a distant cousin of Dr. James DeWolf, is based in part on a diary found on the acting assistant surgeon’s body at the battlefield and letters exchanged between him and his wife, Fannie. The story, which mentions both Mary Crisfield and Nora McElroy (see page 5) receiving the news of their husbands’ deaths, focuses on the relationship between the DeWolfs and uses their lives to call attention to the complex situations between whites and Indians as settlers and soldiers pushed west during the second half of the 19th century.
  • 5. Anna Elizabeth Hahn, aka Fettis (widow of Trumpeter Henry Dose, Company G), from the Kingdom of Bavaria (present-day Rhineland Palatinate), married Englishman 1st Sergeant Edward Garlick, Company G, 7th Cavalry, on 22 November 1876 in Bismarck. Garlick was discharged on a surgeon’s certificate at Fort Riley, Kansas, on 5 November 1887 and settled in Sturgis, Meade County, the following year. Over time Garlick’s health evidently recovered sufficiently to enable him to work on a hack line, then a dray line and transfer, and, finally, for many years as a carrier of the U.S. Mail between Sturgis and Fort Meade. They had two children – Edward and Frederick – and adopted a third, Harry. Anna died, after a long illness, on 15 March 1928 and Edward Garlick succumbed to Bright’s disease at the age 84 on 25 January 1931. Both are buried in nearby Bear Butte Cemetery where individual granite headstones mark their graves.
  • 6. Mary Ellen Boyer (widow of Sergeant Jeremiah Finley, Company C), married Private John F. Donohue, Company K, 7th Cavalry, on 7 February 1877 and lived in Oberon, Benson County, North Dakota. The cause, date and place of her death are unknown. Donohue, originally from County Tipperary, Ireland, died age 71 on 3 December 1924 in Butte, Montana.
  • 7. Mary Elizabeth Kittinger (widow of Corporal William H. Gilbert, Company L), married Samuel D. Hevener on 18 March 1877 at the Union Methodist Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and had a further ten children, only five of whom reached maturity. Lived at 2624 North 27th Street, Philadelphia. Samuel died age 61 on 11 January 1920 and Mary age 77 on 6 December 1932. Both are buried in Mount Peace Cemetery, Philadelphia.

Anna Hahn Dose Garlick and Edward Garlick (left). Nora Sullivan McElroy Furey headstone (above).

  • 8. Mary Sauder (widow of 1st Sergeant Frederick Hohmeyer, Company E), a mother of four children who came to the United States from Württemberg, Germany, before 1864, married Sergeant Latrobe Brommell (real name Bromwell), Company E, on 25 February 1877. Mary was matron of the post hospital at Fort Meade, Dakota Territory, in 1883. The couple received a rousing send-off at the train station from the officers and men at Fort Riley, Kansas, in 1908, when they left for their new home in Baltimore, Maryland, although two years later they are found living on 9th St NW, Washington, D.C. By early January 1920 they were back in Kansas, in Smoky Hill Township, near Fort Riley, where Latrobe, described as a caterer, was no doubt putting to good use the culinary skills he had learned during his time in the army. He died at the National Soldiers’ Home in Washington on 29 April 1923 and is buried in the cemetery there. No record has been found of Mary’s death.
  •      Nellie, the youngest of Frederick Hohmeyer’s four children, was not born until several months after his death (4 December 1876). She took the surname of ‘Bromwell’ after her step-father, and married Sergeant George H. Rathgeber, Company G, 7th Cavalry, at Junction City, Geary County, on Christmas Eve 1892. Rathgeber had a distinguished military career and retired, with the rank of major, through ill health in 1920. He died at the Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D.C. on 5 December 1928. Nellie died on 17 November 1949. Both are buried in Arlington National Cemetery. At one time, it is said, George Rathgeber owned the pair of binoculars that Custer used at the Little Big Horn, but that’s another story!
  • 9. Katherine “Kate” E. Corcey(widow of Private John P. Kelly, Company E), married 1st Sergeant William A. Curtiss, Company F, on 27 January 1877.  The Bismarck Tribune, 13 September 1876, reported: “Mrs. Kelley (sic), one of the widows of the Custer Massacre, has opened a boarding house on Third Street in John Whites’s building.” The Federal Census taken at Fort Totten, Dakota Territory, in June 1880 shows Kate E. Curtiss, a laundress, age 28, living with two children from her first marriage, Henry, age 7, and Ruth, age 5, and 11 month-old Winfred (sic), a daughter, the only child of the second.2 William Curtiss was discharged from Fort Buford, Dakota Territory on 18 April 1881, after serving only three years of a five-year enlistment “to procure a good home for his family of 4 children on a claim he must settle on soon or lose near Valley City, D.T.” It must be presumed that he did. He died from lung disease on 27 October 1888, in Helena, Montana. On 23 July 1893 Katherine, then living in Spokane, Washington, filed for a widow’s pension which was rejected on the grounds she could not produce any evidence that her late husband served in the army during the Civil War. She died of pneumonia at 137 East Front Avenue, Spokane on 4 August 1896 and was buried in Fairmont Cemetery, since renamed Fairmont Memorial Park, where a stone is inscribed ‘Katherine E. Curtis (sic) 1853-1896’.
  • Notes:
  • 1.  Katherine Corcey (or Corsey), daughter of David Corsey (b. Canada) and Margaret (?) Doyle (b. Ireland).
  • 2. The Kellys had a third child, Josephine, born at Fort Lincoln 25 September 1876, but why she is missing from the 1880 Census remains a mystery to this writer. At the time of this census William Curtiss was with his regiment in the field in Billings County, Montana Territory.

The Rathgeber headstone (above). Michael Caddle headstone (right).

  • 10. Nora Sullivan (widow of Trumpeter Thomas McElroy, Company E), the third Fort Totten widow, arrived in the United States from Ireland in 1871. She married Private John Furey, Company E, 7th Cavalry, who was actually in Company K, 20th Infantry, stationed at Fort Totten, at the time of her first husband’s death. Furey, from County Tyrone, Ireland, served three 5-year terms in the United States Army and died before 1900.      Nora, whose second marriage was to remain childless, died in Sturgis, South Dakota, on 27 January 1937 and is buried in St. Aloysius (Catholic) Cemetery there.
  •      Nora’s supposed reaction to tragic news of her first husband’s death is graphically recounted in Voices In Our Souls, which tells its readers “Nora McElroy bolted from her chair with a blood-curdling scream. “No!”  Whirling hysterically, still shrieking, she tore at her hair, ripped open the top of her dress and clawed red marks across her chest. Marie McLaughlin rose to her aid, but she jerked away. “Get away, dirty squaw!”  She lashed at Marie’s face with her nails, missed and tumbled over the back of her chair. Flat on her back, her wild eyes fixed on Little Fish and the two younger braves. “Savages!  Bloody savages!” she screamed, scrambling on all fours toward the Indians.  Several men pulled her up and hurried her out of the front door.  Her shrieks and wails grew more frantic as they half-pulled, half-carried her across the parade ground into the laundry building.”
  • 11. Johanna Lee (widow of Private Archibald McIhargey, Company I), born in Ohio of Irish Catholic parents, married Sergeant Michael C. Caddle (or Caddell), Company, G, 7th Cavalry, on Christmas Day 1877. They had four sons and three daughters. Johanna (aka ‘Josephine’ or ‘Josie’) died of cancer of the stomach near Fort Rice, Morton County, North Dakota, in the first week of August 1904. Her place of burial remains a mystery. Michael, originally from Dublin, Ireland, lived in Morton County for forty-six years where he established himself as a “well-to-do” wheat farmer, “potato king,” owner of a coal mine, mail carrier and a county commissioner. He died at a stated age of 73 on 1 May 1919 in St Alexius Hospital, Bismarck. His body was shipped to Fort Rice the same day for burial where some time later a Civil War-style headstone was erected in his memory.
  • 12. Annie B. Howard (widow of Sergeant John K. Wilkison, or Wilkinson, Company F), married George H. Harrison on 21 May 1878 at Bismarck. Their destiny remains a mystery to this writer.
  • Note: Magpie Outside (widow of Interpreter Mitch Bouyer) married Big Wind, lived by the Bighorn River, and died there in 1916 (Men With Custer (2010), Nichols, p. 36.)

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