Wounded, Widowed, Left behind and Absent June 1876

Custer's Last Stand - 25 June 1876.

  • CONTENTS
  • [1] Wounded at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25-26 June 1876
  • [2] Widows and children of men killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25-26 June 1876
  • [3] Men left behind at Fort Abraham Lincoln & Fort Rice, 17 May 1876
  • [4] Men not on the campaign or at Fort Abraham Lincoln or Fort Rice, 25 June 1876
  • [5] Widows of soldiers killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25 June 1876, who are known to have remarried

 

  • While great care has been taken to ensure that the information in all five lists below is correct the author is fully aware that factual, typographical and other errors can slip through even the most stringent vetting process. Readers are therefore actively encouraged to challenge the veracity of anything that differs from the findings of their own research, although a primary source should be provided as justification for any required corrections.
  • The compiler will NOT be in the least offended or blame a secondary source if anyone brings an error to his attention, in fact, he’ll positively welcome it!  Please use the ‘Contact’ page on the website to get in touch.
  • Peter Russell

[1] Wounded at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25-26 June 1876

A list of the wounded (above) from the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25-26, June 1876, taken to Fort Abraham Lincoln on the steamer 'Far West' 3 July 1876, as reported in the Bismarck Weekly Tribune, 12 July 1876.

The steamboat 'Far West' - built Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1870, was 120ft x 33ft x 6ft and could carry 200 tons and 30 cabin passengers.

Captain Grant Prince Marsh (1834-1916), legendary pilot of the 'Far West' on its record-breaking run 3 July to 5 July 1876.

Dr Henry Rinaldo Porter (1848-1903), Acting Assistant Surgeon with the Dakota Column and survivor of the Battle of the Little Big Horn.

  • Transported on the Far West to Fort Abraham Lincoln, Dakota Territory on July 3, 1876
  • Thirty-nine troopers and an Indian Scout
  • Name at Enlistment – Rank – Company – Wound Sustained – Comments
  • Bennett, James C – Private – C – Dorsal spine (completely paralysed below seat of injury) – died on the Far West July 5, 1876
  • Bishop, Alexander B– Corporal – H – Right arm – transferred to Fort Rice Hospital July 16, 1876
  • Bishop, Charles H – Private – H – Right shoulder – transferred to Fort Rice Hospital July 12, 1876
  • Black, Henry – Private – H – Right hand – transferred to Fort Rice Hospital July 12, 1876
  • Braun, Frank – Private – M – Face and left thigh – died at Fort Abraham Lincoln October 4, 1876
  • Campbell, Charles – Private – G – Right shoulder – in the first water party – died of TB on August 2, 1906 in Silver City, New Mexico Territory
  • Carey, Patrick – Sergeant – M – Right hip – left in the timber after the valley fight – joined the command on Reno Hill after dark
  • Cooney, David – Private – I – Right side or hip – died Fort Abraham Lincoln July 20, 1876
  • Cooper, John – Private – H – Right elbow – transferred to Fort Rice Hospital July 12, 1876
  • Corcoran, Patrick – Private – K – Right shoulder – in Post Hospital t0 January 29, 1877, then discharged – died March 4, 1922 in National Soldiers’ Home, Washington, D.C.
  • Deihle, Jacob – Private – A – Left cheek (lost four teeth) – orderly to Captain Myles Moylan
  • Farley, William – Private – H – Left shoulder – only to Powder River Camp – sent to Fort Lincoln on the steamer Josephine July 19, 1876
  • Foster, Samuel J – Private – A – Right arm – later served in the 20th Infantry
  • George, William M  –  Private – H – Left side or back – died on the Far West at 4.00 a.m. on July 3, 1876 – buried at Powder River
  • Heyn, William – 1st Sergeant – A – Left knee – bullet passed into his horse – discharged August 31, 1888 as a ‘habitually intemperate’ clerk. Married Sarah M. Brown in Washington, D.C., 9 December 1908 and died there 11 June 1910
  • Holmsted, Frederick – Private – A – Left wrist (or right forearm] – Birth name Frederik Holmsted Mortensen – died March 27, 1880 at Fort Lincoln after a long illness
  • McDonnell, Patrick – Private – D – Left leg – died September 2, 1922 in San Antonio, Texas
  • McGuire, John B – Private – C – Right arm – his personal request to President Roosevelt for a Medal of Honor, based on his claim that he was equally deserving as Sergeant Richard Hanley, Company C,  for a similar act, was denied in December 1902
  • McVay, John – Private – G – Hips – from Ireland but referred to as a ‘Scotchman’ by Theodore Goldin
  • Madden, Michael P – Private – K – Right leg – amputated four inches below knee – appointed sergeant July 12, 1876, effective from 26 June
  • Marshall, Jasper R – Private – L – Left foot – one bullet going through and a second lodging in the instep
  • Meier, John H – Private – M – Back of the neck – horse bolted through Indian lines in the valley fight.
  • Mielke, Maximilian – Private – K – Left foot – killed September 30, 1877 in the Snake Creek fight against Nez Perce
  • Moller, Jan – Private – H – Right thigh – birth name Jens Mathiasen Møller
  • Morris, William E – Private – M – Left breast – listed as ‘W. E. Harris’ in the Bismarck Weekly Tribune
  • Newell, Daniel – Blacksmith – H – Left thigh – attended 50th anniversary celebration of the battle
  • Pahl, John – Sergeant – H – Back – ball entered right side near spine and lodged near left hip
  • Phillips, John S – Private – H – Jaw (loss of four teeth) and both hands – bullet though tip of left thumb and middle finger which was then amputated – discharged at Fort Lincoln November 2, 1876 on a surgeon’s certificate
  • Reeves, Francis M – Private – A – Left side and left thigh – was knocked off his horse but remounted
  • Riley, James T – Sergeant – E – Buttock and left thigh – discharged August 11, 1876
  • Rutten, Roman – Private – M – Right shoulder – horse bolted into Indian village in the valley fight
  • Severs, Samuel – Private – H – Both thighs – moved to Fort Rice Hospital on August 11, 1876
  • Smith, William M – Corporal – B – Severe fracture of right arm above elbow – arm became useless – discharged February 9, 1877
  • Strode, Elijah T – Private – A – Right ankle – orderly to Lieut. Charles Varnum – shot by Private Thomas Whalen, Company H, in Sturgis, DT, February 14, 1881. Whalen was found guilty of 2nd degree manslaughter in a civilian court and sentenced to 18 months in Detroit
  • Thompson, Peter – Private – C – Head and right hand – had fallen out of Custer’s column – awarded Medal of Honor
  • Varner, Thomas B. – Private – M – Right ear – deserted June 7, 1878 with Private Levi Thornberry, also Company M
  • White, Charles – Sergeant – M – Right elbow – had been left in the timber – birth name Henry Charles Weihe
  • Whitaker, Alfred – Private – C – Right elbow – later served in the 17th Infantry – died of TB on February 10, 1887 in Kansas City, MO
  • Wilber, James – Private – M – Left leg – while with the water party – death certificate says he was born in Ireland
  • Goose (Arikara) – Private – Indian Scouts – Right hand – only to Fort Berthold

 

  • On the Far West but not wounded in the battle
  • Three troopers – one from the 7th Infantry
  • Name at Enlistment –  Rank – Company – Ailment/Wound Sustained – Comments
  • Ackison, David – Private – F – Constipation – only to Fort Buford – first became sick on Reno’s scout
  • McWilliams, David – Private – H – Right leg – only from Powder River Camp – accidentally shot himself with a revolver while hunting on June 6. Died from an overdose of laudanum September 9, 1882.
  • Riley, Michael – Sergeant [7th Infantry] – I – Consumption – only to Fort Buford

Captain Frederick William Benteen (1834-1898), Commanding a battalion (Companies D, H and K) at the battle. (Photo taken in 1871)

Corporal Charles A. Windolph (1851-1950) Company H, a private at the time of the battle. (Photo mostly likely taken in September 1876)

  • Wounded who remained in the field with the regiment
  • Two officers, twenty-three troopers, one civilian, and an Indian Scout
  • Name at Enlistment – Rank – Company – Wound Sustained – Comments
  • Benteen, Frederick W – Captain – H – Right thumb – brevetted brigadier general for service at Little Big Horn and Canyon Creek
  • Bishley, Henry – Private – H – Right shoulder – discharged on a surgeon’s certificate June 9, 1879
  • Boyle, James P – Private – G –  Back (minor) – an orderly at St. Alexius Hospital, Bismarck, for many years
  • Conelly, Patrick C – Sergeant – H – Left shoulder – aka Patrick White – president of the Benteen Base Ball Club
  • Criswell, Benjamin  –  Sergeant – B – Neck – awarded Medal of Honor – rescued Lieut. Benjamin Hodgson from within the enemy’s lines
  • Cunningham, Charles – Corporal – B – Neck – awarded Medal of Honor – declined to leave the line when wounded
  • Hackett, John – Private – G – Left arm – orderly to Lieut. George Wallace – Died February 25, 1904 at Fort Sheridan, IL
  • Hetler, Jacob – Private – D – Left leg and back – recommended by Lieut. Edward Godfrey for a Medal of Honor
  • Hughes, Thomas  Private – H – Left foot – not listed in the returns of the wounded – died August 12, 1911 in Nashville, TN
  • King, George H –  Corporal – A – Left shoulder – died July 2, 1876 – buried on the north bank of the Yellowstone near the mouth of the Big Horn River
  • Kretchmer, Joseph – Private – D – Neck – died April 19, 1928 in Washington, D.C.
  • McCurry, Joseph  1st Sergeant – H – Left shoulder – appointed sergeant major August 1, 1876 but reverted to 1st sergeant two months later
  • McLaughlin, Thomas – Sergeant – H – Left forearm – died March 3, 1886 in the North Dakota Hospital for the Insane
  • Morrison, John – Private – G – Right thumb – discharged as a private with a good character on May 20, 1880 at Fort Meade, DT
  • Murray, Thomas – Sergeant – B – Not disclosed – awarded Medal of Honor – died of consumption August 4, 1888 in Washington, D.C.
  • Petring, Henry – Private – G – Eye and hip – one the eleven men with Herendeen left in the timber
  • Pigford, Edward – Private – M – Right hip and right forearm – discharged October 15, 1876 for enlisting underage
  • Pym, James  – Private – B – Right ankle – awarded Medal of Honor – shot dead by a cowboy on November 29, 1893 in Miles City, MT
  • Ramell, William – Trumpeter – H – Face – reenlisted in several different regiments under different names – died June 21, 1924 in Bayonne, NJ
  • Shields, William M –  Saddler – E – Buttock – promoted and reduced to private on numerous occasions – died September 6, 1888 at Fort Sill, Indian Territory
  • Varnum. Charles A – 2nd Lieutenant – A – Both legs (slightly) – awarded Medal of Honor for action at White Clay Creek, SD, 30 December 1890
  • Voit, Otto – Saddler – H – Left leg – awarded Medal of Honor – promoted to saddler sergeant January 1, 1879
  • Wagoner, John C – Chief Packer – Quartermaster Dept. – Forehead – unconscious until next day – carried a bullet in his head for years
  • Wiedman, Charles T – Private – M – Left thigh – received a pension for gunshot wounds and Bright’s disease on November 14, 1918
  • Williams, William C – Private – H – Left hip – appointed a captain in the 13th Ohio Infantry, Ohio National Guard on March 23, 1886
  • Wrangel, Charles – Private – H – Buttock – real name ‘Windolph’, orderly to Captain Frederick Benteen, awarded Medal of Honor. The last U.S. soldier survivor of the battle. Died age 98, Lead, SD, March 11, 1851
  • White Swan (Crow) – Private – Indian Scouts – Right wrist (fractured) and thigh – returned to family July 8, 1876. Died August 4, 1904
  • Compiled by Peter Russell – Updated 3 November 2018

 

  • It should be noted that:
  • The U.S. Army produced an ‘official list’ of the wounded at Little Big Horn which was recorded by Dr John M. Williams, Chief Medical Officer of General Alfred Terry’s Dakota Column – “Classified Return of Wounds and Injuries Rec’d in Action on 25 & 26 days of June 1876 at Battle of Little Big Horn MT,” National Archives & Records Administration, Record Group 94, Reports on Diseases and Individual Cases, 1841-1893, Entry 624, File “F,” 1861-1889: Lists of casualties in various engagements (“Transferred to Hospital  Ft. A. Lincoln D.T. July 3/76”).
  • Many of the names in this Return differ from those given at enlistment.
  • It would seem that Dr Williams completed his report on or after July 12, 1876 as Michael Madden, Company K, is shown with the rank of sergeant, an appointment that though effective from June 26, was not made until July 12.
  • Dr Williams’ list confirms that thirty-nine troopers were indeed transported on the Far West on July 3, 1876.

[2] Widows and children of men killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25-26 June 1876

Elizabeth Bacon Custer, widow of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer (above). Hattie Dose Garlick Ackerman, daughter of Trumpeter Henry Dose, Company G (right).

  •  
  • WIDOWS and CHILDREN of men killed in the Battle – updated 18 October 2018
  • Deceased – Rank – Company/Unit – Country of Birth – Widow – Children
  • Allan, Fred E – Private – C – England – Mary Hamilton Fletcher – Harry
  • Baker, William H – Private – E – USA – Nancy E Broadway (divorced) – Minnie
  • Bloody Knife – Guide – QMD – USA (Dakota Terr.) – She Owl – a son
  • Bobo, L Edwin – 1st Sergeant – C – USA – Missouri Ann Wycoff* – Charles; Frank
  • Bob-tailed Bull – Private – Indian Scouts – USA (Dakota Terr.) – Bear Woman – 3 children
  • Bouyer, Mitch – Interpreter – QMD – USA (Dakota Terr.) – Magpie Outside* – Mary; Thomas
  • Botzer, Edward – Sergeant (Actg 1st Sgt) – Germany – “Mrs Brushes’ daughter” – Charley
  • Butler, James – 1st Sergeant – L – USA – Mary ? – None
  • Calhoun, James – 1st Lieutenant  – C – USA – Margaret Emma Custer* – None
  • Crisfield, William B – Private – L – England – Mary Blanchton* – Edward; Albert; Paul
  • Custer, George A – Lieutenant Colonel – Staff – USA – Elizabeth Bacon – None
  • Custer, Thomas W – Captain – C – USA – Not married – Thomas
  • Darris, John – Private E – USA – Mary E Topping – 2 children
  • DeWolf, James M – Actg Asst Surgeon – Staff – USA – Frances J Downing* – None
  • Dorman, Isaiah – Interpreter – QMD – USA – Celeste St Pierre – Baptiste; Maria Celeste; Henry
  • Dose, Henry – Trumpeter – G – Germany – Anna Elizabeth Hahn (aka Fettis)* – Hattie; Charles
  • Downing, Thomas P – Private – I – Ireland – Not married – a daughter
  • Finley, Jeremiah – Sergeant – C – Ireland – Ellen E Boyer* – Mary Ellen; William; Jeremiah
  • Gilbert, William H – Corporal – L – USA – Mary Kittinger* – Rudy
  • Harrington, Henry – 2nd Lieutenant – C – USA – Grace Berard – Grace; Harry
  • Hohmeyer, Frederick – 1st Sergeant – E – Germany – Mary ? – Lizzie; William; Lena; Nellie
  • Hughes, Francis T – Private – L – USA – Mary Jane Madden – William; Francis; Charles
  • Hughes, Robert H – Sergeant – K – Ireland – Annie ? – Maggie (step-daughter); Miles; Thomas.
  • Kelley, Patrick3 – Private – I – Ireland – Ellen Flynn – Susan; Ellen (step-daughters)
  • Kellogg, Marcus H – Civilian Reporter – Staff – Canada – Martha Robinson (dec’d) – Cora; Martha
  • Kelly, John – Private – F – USA – Katherine E. (Corsey?)* – Henry; Ruth; Josephine
  • Klein, Gustav – Private – F – Germany – Not known – Anton; Catharina; Mathias; Franziska
  • Kramer, William – Trumpeter – C – USA – Elnora ? – Oren
  • Little Brave4 – Private – Indian Scouts – USA (Dakota Terr.) – Not known – Not known
  • McElroy, Thomas – Trumpeter – E – Ireland  – Nora Sullivan* – Thomas
  • McIlhargey, Archibald – Private – I – Ireland  – Johanna (or Josephine) Lee* – Archibald; Rosalie
  • McIntosh, Donald – 1st Lieutenant – G – Canada – Mary Garrett – None
  • Mitchell, John E – Private – I – Ireland – Catherine Agnes Clemens (aka Hughes) – Anna; Catherine
  • Porter, James E – 1st Lieutenant – I – USA – Eliza Frances Westcott – David; James
  • Post, George – Private – I – USA – Maggie ? – None
  • Rogers, Walter B – Private – L – USA – Emma ? – None
  • Smith, Algernon E – 1st Lieutenant – A – USA – Henrietta Bowen – None
  • Staples, Samuel F – Corporal – I – USA – Annie ? – None
  • Symms, Darwin – Private – I – Canada – Isabell Smith – None
  • Warner, Oscar T – Private – C – USA – Sarah ? – None
  • Way, Thomas N – Private – F – USA – Rebecca ? – None
  • Wells, Benjamin J – Farrier – C – USA – Sarah ? – Charles
  • Wild, John – Corporal – I – USA – Annie Dawson – None
  • Wilki(n)son, John K – Sergeant – F – USA – Anna Howard* – None
  • Yates, George W M – Captain – F – USA – Annie Gibson Roberts – George; Bessie; Milnor

 

  • 45 Husbands/fathers – 42 Widows – and 63 Children/step-children
  • Notes:
  • *   Indicates remarried.
  • 1.  Real name Alfred Ernest Allen
  • 2.  The only reference to Botzer being married and having a child is in a letter from Captain Albert Barnitz to his wife dated 5 July 1868.
  •       As no widow’s or minor’s army pension was ever applied for, the sergeant’s inclusion in this list must therefore remain in doubt.
  • 3.  Real name Edward H. Kelly. Listed as PAT’K KELLY on the battle monument.
  • 4.  Listed as LITTLE SOLDIER on the battle monument.
  • In the Medical History of Fort Abraham Lincoln, Asst. Surgeon J. Van D. Middleton reported: “There were 24 women who have been made widows by this disaster.” Lieut. Edward Godfrey wrote that there were 39 widows at Fort Lincoln, which was likely to be correct. There were three widows at Fort Totten but none at Fort Rice. The wife of Private Fred Allan, and possibly one or two others, were not at Fort Lincoln at the time of the battle. 
  • Bismarck Weekly Tribune, 12 July 1876
  • In addition to the officers suffering at Fort Lincoln alone there are twenty-one widows, wives of enlisted men. Deprived of their husbands and of their means of support, life in the future must indeed look dark to them. They feel as deeply, and suffer as keenly as those of higher rank, and deserve as fully that sympathy which mankind when fully aroused never fails to bestow.
    One of the first duties of Congress should be to give to each widow, or mother of a deceased officer or soldier, at least a year’s pay, and give it without the customary haggling over the expense, and provide for their future wants by liberal pensions. In justice they can do no less, they ought to do much more, and the expense of caring for the suffers should be deducted from the allowances heretofore granted to the Sioux.
  • Chicago Times, 8 August 1876
  • A party of ladies in whom a deep interest is taken just now, arrived at the Palmer House at 4 o’clock on yesterday afternoon. They are Mrs. General Custer, Mrs. Colonel G. W. Yates, Mrs. Captain A. E. Smith, Mrs. Calhoun and Miss Emma Reed. All these ladies’ except Miss Reed, are the widows of the gallant officers massacred by the red-skinned devils under Sitting Bull.  Mrs. Calhoun, wife of first Lieutenant Calhoun, is a sister of General Custer, and Miss Reed is his niece. Mr. Reed, step-brother of the General, and Mr. Richard A. Roberts, correspondent of the New York Sun, and brother of Mrs. Yates, have charge of the ladies.
  • The ladies were all attired in deep mourning. They received no callers, took Supper in a private parlor at the hotel, and left at 9 o’clock last evening on the Chicago Central railroad. Mrs. Custer, Mrs. Calhoun, Mrs. Yates and Miss Reed will henceforth reside in Monroe, Mich., while Mrs. Smith will find a home in the interior of New York State.
    The party left Fort Lincoln on last Saturday, traveling by boat and carriage to Bismarck, where Sunday was spent as the guests of Col. J. W. Raymond. A special car conveyed them from Bismarck to Fargo on Monday. Remaining over night at the latter place, they left there Tuesday morning and reached St. Paul at six o’clock on Wednesday morning ………………….
  • Note: The author wishes to establish an accurate database of the widows and the children made fatherless as a result of the Battle of Little Big Horn.  As stated in the Introduction page on this website, any amendments, corrections or additional information to the above list would be most gratefully received, via the ‘get in touch’ form on the Contact page.

[3] Men left behind at Fort Abraham Lincoln & Fort Rice, 17 May 1876

The Custer House, Fort Abraham Lincoln State Park, North Dakota.

  • Name – Rank – Company – Reason (detached duty, confinement, sick or other) – Country of Origin

 

  • FORT ABRAHAM LINCOLN
  • Anderson, George – Private – K – Sick – Canada
  • Arnold, Herbert – Private – C – Company property – USA
  • Avery, Charles E – Private – H – In confinement – USA
  • Bauer, Jacob – Private – K  – Sick – Germany
  • Blair, James – Private –  K – Company property & garden – USA
  • Bruns, August – Private – E – Company garden – Germany
  • Carroll, Daniel – Sergeant – B – Acting Post 1st Sergeant – USA
  • Cody, John – Corporal – A – Discharged 19 May 1876 – USA
  • Colwell, John E – Private – L – Sick – USA
  • Conlan, Michael – Corporal – I – Company Garden – USA
  • Corcoran, John – Private – C – In confinement – England
  • Corwine, Robert W – Sergeant – A -Waiting transportation – USA
  • Coveney, Michael –Private – A – Deserted 17 May 1876 – Ireland
  • Day, Clarence F – Private – D – Discharged 19 May 1876 – USA
  • Dooley, Patrick – Private – K – Sick – Ireland
  • Downing, Alexander – Private – F – Band property & garden – USA
  • Drago, Henry – Sergeant – F – Company property – USA
  • Findeisen, Hugo – Sergeant – L – Company garden – Germany
  • Fox, Frederick – Private – I – Post bakery – Germany
  • Gilbert, Julius – Private – E – Company garden – France
  • Grimes, Andrew – Private – I – Company garden – USA
  • Gunther, Julius – Private – K – Sick – Germany
  • Haack, Charles L – Private – I – Sick – Germany
  • Hall, Edward – Private – D – Company garden – USA
  • Hayward, George – Saddler – I – Sick – Canada
  • Hood, Charles – Private – H – Sick – USA
  • Kerr, Dennis – Private – A – Company garden – Ireland
  • Klawitter, Ferdinand – Private – B – Orderly to Mrs Elizabeth Custer – Germany
  • Klein, Nikolaus – Private – F – Company property & garden – Germany
  • Kneubuhler, Joseph – Private – Band – Company garden – Switzerland
  • Laden, Joseph – Private – G – Sick – Ireland
  • Lambertin(e), Frank – Private – H – Sick – Germany
  • Lawler, James-Private  – G – With Quartermaster – Ireland
  • Lieberman, Andrew – Private -K – Deserted 25 May 1876 – Germany
  • Lloyd, Frank J – Sergeant  – G – Acting Post Sergeant Major – England
  • Lombard, Frank – Private  – Band – Sick – Italy
  • Lovett, Meredith – Private  – C – In confinement – USA
  • McCall, Joseph – Corporal – I – Company property & garden – USA
  • McCann, Patrick – Private  – E – In confinement – Ireland
  • McCreedy, Thomas – Private – C – Company property & garden – Ireland
  • McGinnis, John – Private – I – Sick – Ireland
  • Meineke, Ernst – Private – F – Company property & garden – Germany
  • Merritt, George A – Private – Band – Company property – USA
  • Miller, Edwin – Sergeant – C – Company property – Germany
  • Miller, William – Private – I – Company property – USA
  • Mueller, William – Private – D  -Company property – Germany
  • O’Neill, James – Private – B – Sick – England
  • Rush, Thomas – Sergeant – D – Sick – USA
  • Saas, Thomas W – Private – I – Company garden – Germany
  • Sprague, Otto – Private -L – Company garden – USA
  • Thomas, Herbert P – Private – I – Quartermaster – Wales
  • Thompson, Morris – Private – E – Company Garden – USA
  • Thorp, Michael  -Private – F – Band – property & garden – USA
  • Vahlert, Jacob – Private – C – Sick – Germany
  • Weis(s), John – Private – A – Company garden – USA
  • Wells, John S – Sergeant -E – Company property [furlough 5 June 1876] – USA
  • Woodruff, Jerry -Private – E – Company garden – USA
  • Total = 57
  • FORT RICE
  • Marshall, John M – Farrier – H – Company property & garden – England
  • Pittet, Francis – Private – H -Sick – Switzerland
  • Tapley, David – Private –  H – Sick – England [Ireland?]
  • Wood, William M – Farrier – M – Company property & garden – USA
  • Zametzer, John – Private – M – Sick – Germany
  • Total = 5

[4] Men not on the campaign nor at Fort Abraham Lincoln or Fort Rice, 25 June 1876

Edward Garlick. Date unknown. Courtesy of Fort Meade Museum, Sturgis South Dakota.

Major Joseph Greene Tilford (1828-1911)

  • Name – Rank – Company – Reason for Absence – Location – Country of Origin
  • Abos, James A – Private – B – In confinement for desertion, Fort Richardson, TX – USA
  • Bell, James M – 1st Lieutenant– D – Leave of absence since 24 March 1876 – USA
  • Borter, Ludwig – Private – A – In confinement for desertion, Columbus Barracks, OH – USA
  • Braden, Charles – 1st Lieutenant – L – Sick leave since 13 March 1875 – USA
  • Carter, Cassuis R – Trumpeter – G – Detached service at Shreveport, LA – USA
  • Craycroft, William T – 1st Lieutenant – B – Detached service. from April 1876 in KY – USA
  • Eckerson, Edwin P – 2nd Lieutenant – L – En route to join company – USA
  • Farber, Conrad – Private – I – Detached service at Dept. HQ at St Paul, MN – Hungary
  • Flood, Phillip – Private – G – Sick leave since 27 April 1875, lunatic asylum, Washington, D.C. – Ireland
  • Garlick, Edward – 1st  Sergeant – G – Leave of absence in England since 14 April 1876 – England
  • Garlington, Ernest A – 2nd Lieutenant – H – On graduation leave from USMA (West Point) – USA
  • Hale, Owen – Captain – K – Recruiting duty at St Louis – USA
  • Harris, Leonard A – Private – F – In confinement for desertion, Newport, KY – USA
  • Harrison, Alexander – Private – K – In confinement, St Louis – USA
  • Hutter, Anton – Private – E – Sick leave since 19 June 1872, lunatic asylum, Washington, D.C. – Germany
  • Ilsley, Charles S – Captain – E – Aide-de-camp to General John Pope since Jan. 1868 – USA
  • Jackson, Henry – 1st Lieutenant – F – Detached service in office of Chief Signal Officer,
  • Washington, D.C. – USA
  • Knapp, Samuel S – Private – L – En route from St Louis Barracks – USA
  • Larned, Charles W – 2nd Lieutenant – F – Detached service at USMA (West Point) – USA
  • Lewis, David W – Private – B – In confinement for desertion, Fort Barrancas, FL – USA
  • McDonough, James – Private – G – Awaiting assignment at St Louis Barracks – USA
  • Merrill, Lewis – Major – Staff – Detached service from March 1876 as Chief of Staff of the President of
  • Centennial Exhibition, Philadelphia, PA – USA
  • Muller, John– Private – H – In confinement for desertion, Columbus Barracks, OH – Germany
  • Nave, Andrew H – 2nd Lieutenant – I – Sick leave since 14 July 1874 – USA
  • Porter, John – Private – I – In confinement for desertion, Columbus Barracks, OH – USA
  • Sheridan, Michael V – Captain – L – Aide-de-camp to Lt Gen. Philip H. Sheridan (his brother)
  • since 18 February 1871 – USA
  • Sorden , Thomas – Private – G – En route from St Louis Barracks – Finland
  • Sturgis, Samuel D – Colonel – Commanding Regiment – Detached service at GMRS Cavalry Depot,
  • St Louis, from 1 Oct. 1874 – USA
  • Sweeney, William – Private – F – In confinement for theft, Bismarck Jail, DT – USA
  • Tilford, Joseph G – Major – Staff – Leave of absence from 25 Oct. 1875 – USA
  • Tourtellotte, John E – Captain – G – Aide-de-camp to General William T. Sherman
  • since 31 Dec. 1870 -USA
  • Walsh, Michael J – Private – H – In confinement for desertion, Jackson Barracks, New Orleans – Ireland
  • Total = 32                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
  • The author acknowledges the invaluable information contained in Military Register of Custer’s Last Command (2009), by (the late) Roger L. Williams, The Arthur H. Clark Company, Oklahoma; Men With Custer: Biographies of the 7th Cavalry (2010), edited by Ronald H. Nichols with Daniel I. Bird, Custer Battlefield Historical & Museum Association, Inc., Hardin, MT, to which he has made a significant contribution to both volumes. 

[5] Widows of soldiers killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn, 25 June 1876, who are known to have remarried

Frank (left) and Charles Bobo c.1877 (above). Missouri Ann Wycoff Bobo Kanipe (right).

  • 1. Missouri Ann Wycoff (widow of 1st Sergeant L. Edwin Bobo, Company C) married Sergeant Daniel Kanipe, Company C, 7th Cavalry, on 12 April 1877. She had two sons from her first marriage, Charles and Frank. The newlyweds settled in Marion, McDowell County, North Carolina, where they raised eight more children: three sons and five daughters. Daniel worked for the Internal Revenue Service, was treasurer of the Mystic Tie Lodge #237 in Marion for more than 20 years, and served as Captain of the North Carolina Militia Home Guards during World War I. He died age 73 on 18 July 1926 and Missouri died age 80 on 25 May 1934. Both are buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Marion, where a fine headstone marks the grave.
  • 2. Margaret “Maggie” Emma Custer (widow of 1st Lieutenant James Calhoun, Company L), married John H. Maugham, in Pennsylvania in 1904. She died age 58 in March 1910 in Detroit, Michigan, and is buried in Woodland Cemetery, Monroe, Michigan with several other members of the Custer family including her brother Boston and nephew Harry Armstrong Reed, both of whom were killed at Little Big Horn. The fate of Maugham is not known.
  • 3. Mary Blanchton (widow of Private William B. Crisfield, Company L), born in France, one of three widows at Fort Totten on the day of the battle, married Private Martin Personeus, Company L, 7th Cavalry, in 1876 or ’77 in Bismarck, North Dakota, and had two further children – Phoebe and Charles. Martin Personeus died around age 55 on 24 December 1889, in the County Farm Asylum, near Carlinsville, Illinois and buried there in an unmarked grave. Mary passed away age 85 on 17 February 1931 in Gillespie, Macoupin County, Illinois, and laid to rest in Mayfield Memorial Park Cemetery, Carlinville,, where the apocryphal words ‘SURVIVOR GEN. CUSTER’S MASSACRE’ are inscribed on an ornate gravestone. It was placed there by her daughter, Phoebe, and son-in-law, Charles Goodnight, a coal miner; almost certainly a near relative of the Charles Goodnight, who is remembered for blazing the Goodnight-Loving cattle trail from Texas to Wyoming.

Mary Blanchton Crisfield Personeus.

Frances Downing, right.

  • 4. Frances “Fannie” J. Downing (widow of Acting Assistant Surgeon James M. DeWolf, a civilian contract surgeon), another Fort Totten widow, married Elijah Dodd on 10 June 1879 at Waterville, Ohio, who she divorced in 1912. They had one child, Verne Adams Dodd. Frances died age 65 on 19 May 1918 and is buried next to her first husband, James DeWolf, in Woodlawn Cemetery. Norwalk, Huron County, Ohio.
  • Note: Although written as a novel, Voices In Our Souls (2010), by Gene Erb and Ann DeWolf Erb, a distant cousin of Dr. James DeWolf, is based in part on a diary found on the acting assistant surgeon’s body at the battlefield and letters exchanged between him and his wife, Fannie. The story, which mentions both Mary Crisfield and Nora McElroy (see page 5) receiving the news of their husbands’ deaths, focuses on the relationship between the DeWolfs and uses their lives to call attention to the complex situations between whites and Indians as settlers and soldiers pushed west during the second half of the 19th century.
  • 5. Anna Elizabeth Hahn, aka Fettis (widow of Trumpeter Henry Dose, Company G), from the Kingdom of Bavaria (present-day Rhineland Palatinate), married Englishman 1st Sergeant Edward Garlick, Company G, 7th Cavalry, on 22 November 1876 in Bismarck. Garlick was discharged on a surgeon’s certificate at Fort Riley, Kansas, on 5 November 1887 and settled in Sturgis, Meade County, the following year. Over time Garlick’s health evidently recovered sufficiently to enable him to work on a hack line, then a dray line and transfer, and, finally, for many years as a carrier of the U.S. Mail between Sturgis and Fort Meade. They had two children – Edward and Frederick – and adopted a third, Harry. Anna died, after a long illness, on 15 March 1928 and Edward Garlick succumbed to Bright’s disease at the age 84 on 25 January 1931. Both are buried in nearby Bear Butte Cemetery where individual granite headstones mark their graves.
  • 6. Mary Ellen Boyer (widow of Sergeant Jeremiah Finley, Company C), married Private John F. Donohue, Company K, 7th Cavalry, on 7 February 1877 and lived in Oberon, Benson County, North Dakota. The cause, date and place of her death are unknown. Donohue, originally from County Tipperary, Ireland, died age 71 on 3 December 1924 in Butte, Montana.
  • 7. Mary Elizabeth Kittinger (widow of Corporal William H. Gilbert, Company L), married Samuel D. Hevener on 18 March 1877 at the Union Methodist Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and had a further ten children, only five of whom reached maturity. Lived at 2624 North 27th Street, Philadelphia. Samuel died age 61 on 11 January 1920 and Mary age 77 on 6 December 1932. Both are buried in Mount Peace Cemetery, Philadelphia.

Anna Hahn Dose Garlick and Edward Garlick (left). Nora Sullivan McElroy Furey headstone (above).

  • 8. Mary Sauder (widow of 1st Sergeant Frederick Hohmeyer, Company E), a mother of four children who came to the United States from Württemberg, Germany, before 1864, married Sergeant Latrobe Brommell (real name Bromwell), Company E, on 25 February 1877. Mary was matron of the post hospital at Fort Meade, Dakota Territory, in 1883. The couple received a rousing send-off at the train station from the officers and men at Fort Riley, Kansas, in 1908, when they left for their new home in Baltimore, Maryland, although two years later they are found living on 9th St NW, Washington, D.C. By early January 1920 they were back in Kansas, in Smoky Hill Township, near Fort Riley, where Latrobe, described as a caterer, was no doubt putting to good use the culinary skills he had learned during his time in the army. He died at the National Soldiers’ Home in Washington on 29 April 1923 and is buried in the cemetery there. No record has been found of Mary’s death.
  •      Nellie, the youngest of Frederick Hohmeyer’s four children, was not born until several months after his death (4 December 1876). She took the surname of ‘Bromwell’ after her step-father, and married Sergeant George H. Rathgeber, Company G, 7th Cavalry, at Junction City, Geary County, on Christmas Eve 1892. Rathgeber had a distinguished military career and retired, with the rank of major, through ill health in 1920. He died at the Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D.C. on 5 December 1928. Nellie died on 17 November 1949. Both are buried in Arlington National Cemetery. At one time, it is said, George Rathgeber owned the pair of binoculars that Custer used at the Little Big Horn, but that’s another story!
  • 9. Katherine “Kate” E. Corcey(widow of Private John P. Kelly, Company E), married 1st Sergeant William A. Curtiss, Company F, on 27 January 1877.  The Bismarck Tribune, 13 September 1876, reported: “Mrs. Kelley (sic), one of the widows of the Custer Massacre, has opened a boarding house on Third Street in John Whites’s building.” The Federal Census taken at Fort Totten, Dakota Territory, in June 1880 shows Kate E. Curtiss, a laundress, age 28, living with two children from her first marriage, Henry, age 7, and Ruth, age 5, and 11 month-old Winfred (sic), a daughter, the only child of the second.2 William Curtiss was discharged from Fort Buford, Dakota Territory on 18 April 1881, after serving only three years of a five-year enlistment “to procure a good home for his family of 4 children on a claim he must settle on soon or lose near Valley City, D.T.” It must be presumed that he did. He died from lung disease on 27 October 1888, in Helena, Montana. On 23 July 1893 Katherine, then living in Spokane, Washington, filed for a widow’s pension which was rejected on the grounds she could not produce any evidence that her late husband served in the army during the Civil War. She died of pneumonia at 137 East Front Avenue, Spokane on 4 August 1896 and was buried in Fairmont Cemetery, since renamed Fairmont Memorial Park, where a stone is inscribed ‘Katherine E. Curtis (sic) 1853-1896’.
  • Notes:
  • 1.  Katherine Corcey (or Corsey), daughter of David Corsey (b. Canada) and Margaret (?) Doyle (b. Ireland).
  • 2. The Kellys had a third child, Josephine, born at Fort Lincoln 25 September 1876, but why she is missing from the 1880 Census remains a mystery to this writer. At the time of this census William Curtiss was with his regiment in the field in Billings County, Montana Territory.

The Rathgeber headstone (above). Michael Caddle headstone (right).

  • 10. Nora Sullivan (widow of Trumpeter Thomas McElroy, Company E), the third Fort Totten widow, arrived in the United States from Ireland in 1871. She married Private John Furey, Company E, 7th Cavalry, who was actually in Company K, 20th Infantry, stationed at Fort Totten, at the time of her first husband’s death. Furey, from County Tyrone, Ireland, served three 5-year terms in the United States Army and died before 1900.      Nora, whose second marriage was to remain childless, died in Sturgis, South Dakota, on 27 January 1937 and is buried in St. Aloysius (Catholic) Cemetery there.
  •      Nora’s supposed reaction to tragic news of her first husband’s death is graphically recounted in Voices In Our Souls, which tells its readers “Nora McElroy bolted from her chair with a blood-curdling scream. “No!”  Whirling hysterically, still shrieking, she tore at her hair, ripped open the top of her dress and clawed red marks across her chest. Marie McLaughlin rose to her aid, but she jerked away. “Get away, dirty squaw!”  She lashed at Marie’s face with her nails, missed and tumbled over the back of her chair. Flat on her back, her wild eyes fixed on Little Fish and the two younger braves. “Savages!  Bloody savages!” she screamed, scrambling on all fours toward the Indians.  Several men pulled her up and hurried her out of the front door.  Her shrieks and wails grew more frantic as they half-pulled, half-carried her across the parade ground into the laundry building.”
  • 11. Johanna Lee (widow of Private Archibald McIhargey, Company I), born in Ohio of Irish Catholic parents, married Sergeant Michael C. Caddle (or Caddell), Company, G, 7th Cavalry, on Christmas Day 1877. They had four sons and three daughters. Johanna (aka ‘Josephine’ or ‘Josie’) died of cancer of the stomach near Fort Rice, Morton County, North Dakota, in the first week of August 1904. Her place of burial remains a mystery. Michael, originally from Dublin, Ireland, lived in Morton County for forty-six years where he established himself as a “well-to-do” wheat farmer, “potato king,” owner of a coal mine, mail carrier and a county commissioner. He died at a stated age of 73 on 1 May 1919 in St Alexius Hospital, Bismarck. His body was shipped to Fort Rice the same day for burial where some time later a Civil War-style headstone was erected in his memory.
  • 12. Annie B. Howard (widow of Sergeant John K. Wilkison, or Wilkinson, Company F), married George H. Harrison on 21 May 1878 at Bismarck. Their destiny remains a mystery to this writer.
  • Note: Magpie Outside (widow of Interpreter Mitch Bouyer) married Big Wind, lived by the Bighorn River, and died there in 1916 (Men With Custer (2010), Nichols, p. 36.)

& The Small Print

© Men With Custer 2013. Author Peter Groundwater Russell. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this website’s author is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Peter Russell and the ‘Men With Custer’ website with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Men With Custer